[Your full name] July 25, 2011 Health and Healing in Cross Cultural Perspective 1. When a person’s psychology is understood in the context of his culture, we call it indigenous psychology. It is a cultural inspection of how a person adopts an identity, for example, he regards health and illness…
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2. What may be considered normal within one culture may be considered as abnormal in another. Despite the presence of a universally valid system of recognizing the illness and its symptoms, yet cultural differences define behaviors in their own way. This is called cultural theory of normalcy and abnormalcy. A culture defines for a person what behavior he should adopt in order to be normal. For example, average age which is late for a menstrual period to come may be different in different cultures. If a girl of 10 starts menstruating, she may be considered as abnormal in a culture where girls menstruate as late as fifteen. Thus, cultural differences define normal and abnormal behaviors. 3. Spirit possession empowers people in a way that they impart people such spiritual powers (like in Exorcist) that are unable to get without demonic possession. This is a common perspective in many cultures that a spirit has taken the control of a person’s body and he undergoes such powerful changes in the physical attributes like voice and etcetera, that we can say that he gets empowered. Spirit possession enables one to be someone else. ...
4. Susto is an ethnomedical syndrome that is usually found in Latin American culture. The concept revolves around the separation of soul from the physical body of a person. The belief is that the victim’s soul or soul of any of the members of his family is taken away through a frightful experience. The women and children may be the victims of this soul loss rather than the person who underwent the frightful occurrence, because they are the weaker members of the family. Rubel and his colleagues found that susto was caused by self- perception of personal inadequacies when the victim is unable to meet social expectations. Hence, social stress was found to be the cause of susto. 5. The hot-cold theory of disease, of Mexican American culture, states that an illness, like food and colors, can be associated with being hot or cold. For example, menstrual cramps are considered as cold illness while pregnancy cramps are regarded as hot. This belief tends to make people comply with the treatment process much more powerfully. The treatment then consists of such procedures that tend to neutralize the hotness or coldness of the disease, by treating it with a procedure of opposite quality. The health provider should understand the patient’s cultural view on this theory and should proceed accordingly. Giving cold juices in cold illness like flu may lead to patient noncompliance. Hot drinks like tea and coffee can be advised otherwise. 6. Biomedicine is a part of natural diseases causation ethnomedical system because it is based on scientific judgments and clinical procedures of treatments. It is not like primitive medicine which is based on the concept that magic and the possession of supernatural spirits can be used in healing, nor it is like folk medicine which is based on
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This is called cultural competence that is required to solve intercultural conflicts and noncompliance that usually occurs when the patients feel that their issues are not being understood or when they do not feel at ease with the provider. This requires the provider to communicate with the patient effectively through the use of interpreters in case of language barriers; mediators in case of intercultural conflicts; and a culturally acceptable social interaction strategy to negotiate the differences with the patients.
More significantly, culture remains as an integral part in group decision making, or international business and negotiations. Ferraro (2010, p 87) views culture as the things people always have, think, and do as members of their society facing similar challenges within a common environment.
Most of the earlier Lebanese immigrants who lived in Victoria were hawkers with some later on starting other businesses in the manufacturing, warehousing and retailing industries (Hage, 2002). In the 20th century, most of the Lebanese immigrants living within Australia were increasingly educating their children with most of them eventually getting professional jobs (Jamal & Chandab, 2005).
These people differ in their ethnicity, culture, skin color, work ethics etc. Cultural diversity cannot be thought of something which would go tomorrow, that would enable an individual to plan his assumptions for mutual understanding. Cultural differences can lead to many obstacles for an effective teamwork.
Through globalization, learners from different parts of the globe come together to be taught by teachers, the latter who also belong to multiple cultural backgrounds. It, therefore, becomes challenging to create a curriculum that will facilitate the provision of quality education for each learner, regardless of his/her linguistic and cultural background.
The fundamental of spirituality in the aboriginal culture is the belief that every object has life, and that all objects share the same soul and the same spirit that the aboriginal people share (Cross Cultural Management, p83). There is a very thin line between the culture of aboriginal spirituality and the culture of land, since according to them; land is the mother of life.
Cross cultural communication is not about understanding the others language but the society and all its aspects.
Crash is a movie that revolves around a few people of extremely different and diverse cultures.
For example, the Aboriginal people have been able to retain their cultural practices for long. They mingle and adapt some cultures from other people, but they cannot abandon activities and beliefs outlined