Introduction Mbuti, an indigenous pygmy tribe lives in the Ituri forest, at the heart of Congo. The region is located at the northeastern part of the Republic of Zaire. The Mbuti tribe is one of the oldest tribe in the region. The lives of the tribesmen have been closely associated with the forest and acknowledgement to the forest can be found in their culture and celebrations…
Download file to see previous pages...
The Mbuti tribe is dependent on the forest for all the aspects of their life including getting their food, clothes, materials for hunting, item of play, musical instrument etc. In the recent times the tribesmen have come in contact with the agricultural people living the peripheries of the forest. However hunting remains their primary source of subsistence. Even in their trade with the agricultural people they exchange the meat they get from the forest in exchange for farm products (Tanno, n.d. pp. 1-51). The forest and hunting activities influenced the culture, social structures, gender relations and the beliefs and values of the Mbuti tribe associated with the Molimo ritual of the tribe. Social Organization The difference in the strategy for procuring the subsistence has attracted the interest of the anthropologist and ethnographers. Along with the difference in the hunting technique some difference in the social structure has also been observed with reference to the number of members in the community. The inhabitants of the southwestern region, the net hunters live in a comparatively large camp consisting to seven to thirty families together. There method of hunting and distribution of the hunt are also of communal type. The women beat the under bush to drive the animals to the net which are looked after by the men. According to famous pygmy researcher Turnbull, this method of hunting requires a number of families to cooperate with each other in order to procure their subsistence. On the contrast the archers live in small groups of three to five. Individual members hunt with the help of arches and bows. The different operations of arching are tracking and ambushing which requires less number of men than net hunting. Several reasons have been cited for this difference in hunting pattern and consequent social structure based on region. According to Turnbull, this has occurred due to the historical distribution of the forest. The southwestern parts of the countries have been subjected to encroachment for agriculture, mining, plantations, tourist centers etc. As a result the inhabitable land and the land for hunting and gathering have been reduced. On the other hand the population of the tribe has increased over the years. As a result the tribe was forced to increase their utilization of the reduced amount of available land. Moreover due to the Law of Diminishing Return the tribesmen had to undertake more work individually in order to maintain similar level of consumption. Another interesting feature that has been pointed out by the scholars is that the pygmy tribe has a low exposure to the technological advancement. Therefore they are unable to increase the utilization of the plot of land with the help of technology. To compensate for that, the tribesmen are required to increase the coordination and cooperation among themselves to maintain similar level of consumption. (Abruzzi, 1979) Renowned anthropologist, Harako suggests another alternative theory. According to him the original mode of hunting of the Mbuti tribe was archery. But some time in history a part of the tribe came in touch with the Bantu speaking tribes. In course of their interaction and exchange the Mbuti tribe learnt to use the net as a tool for hunting. This theory gives an explanation for the division of hunting methods
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Mbuti Culture Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/anthropology/1425476-mbuti-culture
(Mbuti Culture Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“Mbuti Culture Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/anthropology/1425476-mbuti-culture.
Through such depictions, we are engaged and connected with each other. This paper shall discuss a feature film, particularly Slumdog Millionaire and assess it as a cultural product. It shall discuss its various aspects which shed light on popular culture in contemporary society.
In some areas, where the Mbuti live, net hunting is the mode of choice. In other areas, where the Mbuti live, archery hunting is the mode of choice. Women often participate in net hunting but rarely participate in archery hunting. The controversy involves the reasons for women’s participation in net hunting but rarely in archery hunting, the meaning of this and the connection to gender roles and social organization.
In addition, the paper will aim at ascertaining whether the cultures, races and traditions practiced by these two communities usually affects the people’s marriage life positively or negatively? In the American context, marriage carries a great meaning to a couple that is intending to exchange the vows of commitment with one another.
Moreover, any cultural setting usually has a number of remarkable impacts on every society and institution. This research paper extensively explores the various effects that the concept has on organizations. The study discussed was conducted by a group of American social scientists between the 16th and 23rd of July 2011 the Colorado state of the USA.
Based on writings by C. Wright Mills, Turnbull actually used his sociological imagination to understand the Mbuti tribe. This imagination enabled Turnbull to take into account how the Mbutis, with their daily life experiences formulated their own culture with their peculiar beliefs and rituals.1
But the extreme opposite culture or practice prevails in China, which can be shortly called as collectivism. Here, neither the thought of individual nor their wish is given privilege. It is because they believe in group thought and they strive together for group success.
This definition implies social interaction with other people and through this interaction, understanding is made possible and patterns of behavior are manifested. Other authors define culture as “values, symbols,
These people reside in the Ituri rain forest of Zaire which is located in the Central Africa. As the world has developed the tribes have also grown in number. The numbers of Mbuti range up to 20,000 to 50,000
Several attempts have been made in the 20th century to provide equal rights and values to the Black Americans and enhance the civil life of the western society. Despite the attempts made, there are some
After completion of the speech, and in recognition of his prowess, he was recognized for a calfskin brief case and offered a scholarship at a State college-specifically for Negroes. Realizing that he may soon die in the
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Mbuti Culture Research Paper for FREE!