Shakespeare in the Bush is a story of an American anthropologist by the name Laura Bohannan. She goes to Africa where she pays a visit to a local tribe Tiv. Bohannan carries Hamlet with her. She intends to use Shakespeare’s writing to prove that the content within Hamlet is universal…
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The people of Tiv show frustrations because they believe that they know the meaning of the story better than Bohannan. The differences in understanding of Hamlet are brought about by the fact that the locals do not understand things such as ghosts. These people also believe that water is a good thing and thus they do not believe that someone can drown in the same water. The central points within Hamlet seem to be meaningless in Tiv because the audience have different meanings and understanding of the story. The customs of the Tiv makes them find it alright that Claudius should marry the wife of his brother. From her experience in Africa, Bohannan comes to learn that different cultures understand things differently and as a result there are no values which can be considered to be universal. Womb as Oasis is a story which is based on an ethnographic research which was conducted in Hofriyat which is a village in Sudan. The author went to do the research while aware that females within the village were taken through genital mutilation rituals but what she witnessed during her visit was way far from expectations. The researcher considered the ritual and the custom of female genital mutilation within this village to be meaningless. As days went by, the perception of the researcher for the female genital mutilation began to change as its significance began to be understood and thus its appreciation. The people within the Hofriyat practice Muslim religion and culture and are presented as having strict beliefs. The people of the village organize themselves into groups but few of them are corporate. Endogamy is practiced in the village with people marrying a close kin and preferring marrying people who did not live far away (Boddy 13). The story presents arguments which help the reader to understand the reason why the Hofriyat people persist on keeping their Pharaonic circumcision culture. Regardless of the pressure that the villagers get for the eradication of the custom of female genital mutilation, the reasons why they keep it is described to enhance the understanding of the audience. The Pharaonic circumcision within this village is described as being related to the value of “enclosedness” which the customs and beliefs of the villagers stress within their cultural idioms. The assertion of the paper argues that the Pharaonic circumcision is meaningful for those who go through it because it de-emphasizes the concept of female sexuality while putting emphasis on fertility (Boddy 24). Question 3 The issue of space in the Nationalist Rhetoric of the Hellenic is described within ideological convergences on the politicizing cultural, educational and symbolic structures. The emphasis however lies in the need for cultural protectionism within Greece (Kaldellis 220). The National Rhetoric tries to explain the evolution of Greece and the mixed ideologies which result into disputes with Macedonia. The dispute that occurred between Greece and the new republic of Macedonia caused challenges in international relationships. The Usage of the name
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They each contribute to human relations as indicated. Physical anthropology helps to understand human physical characteristics by tracing down human evolution and human variation in order to explain the origin of existing physical differences. Archeology helps to understand cultural adaptations of ancient people in the past by reconstructing their way of lives.
Biological anthropology is the second sub-discipline of anthropology. This sub-discipline contributes to the study of human relations through offering an insight into the physical, genetic, and physiological nature of man and his hominid ancestors. This branch of anthropology therefore sheds more light on the aspect of human evolution (Lakeside University, 2012).
running head: mid-term questions Mid-term Questions Submitted to: Student’s Name [Pick the date] Question 1 There are four subfields of anthropology that include cultural, biological, linguistic and archeological anthropology (Harris, 1997). While discussing any anthropological area, it is important to note that culture acts as the gist of all human activities.
The religious leaders of the Muslim community require respect and patience for others. This is evident among the Dalits, which blame the political Ulema for various conditions present at the moment (Shadid 87). For instance, the Ulema led to
Ulama is a term used to describe the class of educated Muslim legal scholars, who have completed studies in various Islamic fields such Faqih, Mufti, or Muhadith. In the book “the legacy of the prophet,” Shadid describes how Muslim leaders continue to drift from
skin color of the people in the tropics is darker compared to those in cold areas due to an adaptation to the strong sun in these regions, the amount of melanin in the skin is too high. This has resulted to the darkening of the skin in order to offer protection from the sun’s
According to Diamond, agriculture has had a negative effect on the population in that it led to starvation and deaths due to malnutrition. It also lowered the expectancy rte due to the limited diet that agriculture provides
• The lack of variety of diets, which is attributed to l farming that, is limited
Anthropology is a broad subject that focuses on modern and ancient societies which are either complex or simple to understand the human nature (Kearney, 2004). Anthropology uses knowledge to find a solution to human problems. Anthropology has four different fields’ namely cultural, biological, archaeology and linguistic anthropology
Also, there were also traces of the use of blade tools which allegedly paved the way for the development of modern tool industries. These advancements have helped the H Sapiens modernize themselves in such
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