Table of Contents Abstract 2 1Introduction 3 1.1Background study 3 1.2Aims and objectives 7 2Literature review 9 2.1Nature and types of rural tourism 9 2.2Study of the characteristics and experiences of rural tourists in order to identify potential rural tourists 11 2.3Rural tourism in UK 17 2.4Benefits of rural tourism in UK 26 3Methodology 31 4Discussion and Conclusion 33 References 41 56 Abstract This research gives an overview of rural tourism in UK, where it defines rural tourism, examines various statistical data available on rural tourism at a national level, explores the extent of development in this arena and studies the benefits of this form of tourism…
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1 Introduction 1.1 Background study Large-scale globalisation has led to widespread economic reframing, which has created an environment where local economies must necessarily adjust, for augmenting or maintaining the viability of their socio-economic conditions under the altered climate. Social and economic forces that are functioning at global levels ascertain both the type and and nature of rural regions and how they are used and valued (Butler, Hall, and Jenkins, 1998). These socioeconomic modifications along with new approaches and thoughts on recreation and leisure time activities are increasingly promoting rural tourism worldwide (Williams 1995). Developing areas not perceived favourably as tourist destinations, for rural tourism depends on two main factors. First, in some cases, tourist attraction may be slowly built-up by entrepreneurs through innovative businesses, like entertainment parks. Secondly, on some cases visitors may suddenly discover an area, generating a sudden increase in demand for recreation and leisure time activities, which gives the local entrepreneurs an opportunity to respond and develop their local area. However, development of rural tourism is not merely based on the concept of balancing local supply with tourist demand, but includes issues of sustainability, and evaluating the suitability and acceptability, as regards the local community, in view of developing the area as a tourist spot. There are various debates over defining the term rural tourism, and a review of the literature reveals that no consensus over the issue has been arrived yet (Pearce and Moscardo, 1985; Bramwell 1994). As Oppermann claimed, “there is not even a commonly accepted definition of what rural tourism is” (1996, pp. 86-87). This lack of consensus, as regards defining rural tourism, arises from the absence of a common standard used for measuring nature and type of rural tourism by different countries, worldwide. Therefore, rural tourism seen in various countries of the world, do not share any common characteristics. Observations also reveal that rural tourism does not necessarily pertain to only the typical rural form of activities, it can also be urban type situated in a rural area. Rural areas all over the world are experiencing intricate socioeconomic changes due to effect of globalisation, technology and communications that have altered the conditions for market operations and distributions for local and traditional items (Frochot, 2005). Besides this, owing to globalisation many of the rural areas have witnessed large-scale depopulation while others have experienced large-scale influx of immigrants or inflow of elderly people looking for retirement, or others looking for establishing innovative business types that may not be local or traditional in nature. Generally, rural tourism is associated with the form of tourism where rural culture is the chief element or the main component of
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“Rural Tourism in UK Dissertation Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 10000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/tourism/1396879-rural-tourism-in-uk.
In most cases, the governments have favored the owners of the tourism resources by the private sectors or the foreigners. Consequently, a recognizable percentage of the tourism resources belong to the foreign investors. Therefore, the local communities benefit less from the tourism revenues due to the leakages of tourism profits.
Cultural heritage is an essential component of any nations’ identity. In addition to being a national heritage, the cultural heritage is a wealth that belongs to the citizens as well as to the whole mankind. While in the past, cultural heritage management was a task that was confined to the archeological or preservation departments of any country, in the recent times, there is a need for increased cooperation between several different sectors, organizations and stakeholders for the management of the cultural heritage.
Tourists, therefore, visit various destinations across the world. Switzerland is one of the most preferred tourist destinations in Europe. Tourism in Switzerland dates back to mid 19th century and has developed over time and become one of the most sophisticated industries in the country.
Changing demography and evolving global market have significantly impacted the hospitality industry. Kotler et al., (2007) have claimed that demographic compulsions influence market position. The demography changes vis-à-vis increased income, age distribution, population size etc., have tremendous impact on consumer behaviour.
This research tells that tourism has obtained incredible popularity during the contemporary era all over the globe particularly for the duration of last two decades or so. Political changes at world level including the removal of the Iron Curtain and the demise of communism have made valuable contributions in the creation of a healthy and pleasant appearance of global tourism in every region.
Of the ‘new world’ economies, China in particular, has demonstrated a strong growth market in outbound travel. Britain is keen to attract the Chinese tourists as they spend three times the amount than tourists from other countries. The UK and China are distinctly different in the cultural dimensions and culture impacts expectations and needs.
cal Considerations 19 4.FINDINGS AND ANALYSIS 21 4.1 Findings from Questionnaire A for Tourists 21 4.2 Analysis of Questionnaire A for Tourists 32 4.3 Findings from Questionnaire B for Locals 33 4.4 Analysis of Questionnaire B for Locals 35 4.5 Findings from Questionnaire C for Businesses 35 4.6 Analysis of Questionnaire C for Businesses 37 4.5 Discussion 37 5.CONCLUSION 40 5.1 Revisiting Research Aims 41 5.2 Recommendations 42 REFERENCES 43 APPENDIX – I 47 1.
ppendix 6 Key references , page 70 Appendix 7 Community Questionnaires, page 71 Appendix 8 Demographic Characteristics of the Sample , page 77 Abstract This essay looks closely at Brick Lane, Tower Hamlets, and the area immediately surrounding, taken into consideration its past history, both distant and more recently, its present activities, and its future as a site of ethic tourism, as well as the effects this has on the local community and the part they play and have played in its regeneration,.
The small tourism enterprises happen to be among the major stakeholders in heritage tourism. There are several management issues that range from decision-making, knowledge management and transfer that affect their participation in heritage tourism. The survival of such enterprises highly depends on the awareness of their potential clients.
This research aims to highlight the importance of sustainability in tourism with a specific focus on the need for involvement of the local community and other stakeholders. It also proposes to develop a charter for sustainable development with active collaboration of local communities in a ‘bottom-up’ plan addressing the initiators of policy on tourism.
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