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Biiomedical Engineering - Coursework Example

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The aim of this literature review is to develop a research base of the most recent studies that have been completed in the field. This will be a qualitative search of Science Direct, Web of Knowledge, ProQuest, Science, and National Research Register for recent, within ten years study data…
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Download file to see previous pages The approach will be an elimination of search data that does not show validity as well as publications that are not well known for scientific data. Those quantitative and qualitative studies carried out with good documentation and good back up data available. The human hand will be investigated but the human and robotic finger will be the concentration.
There is both static and dynamic function which comes from a complex neuro-musculo-sketal interaction. The laws of mechanics, manipulation and sensor motor signals define how the interactions in hand anatomy will occur. Manipulation ability is very vulnerable in the hand as it is easily injured and very vulnerable to disease. The precision pinch works to explain both the static and dynamic functions. The precision pinch fundamentally comes from the ability to move and place the fingertips on an object and manage appropriate fingertip force and torque.
The function of the finger is a complex process that is not fully understood, however, there is much continuing work being done at this time. The muscles and tendons in the hand, according to Valero-Cuevas (2005), are fairly slow in electrical signals as well as conduction velocity. Research on the use of the hand has concentrated on the finger as it is the fundamental unit of hand function (Valero-Cuevas, 2005) and understanding the complex movements of the finger also leads to understanding the complex movements of the hand. Moving and placing the fingers on an object fulfills the need for several kinds of movements necessary to human function. Those functions include reach and grasp which are both functions that are important to everyday self care.
The first row of phalanges in the fingers articulate with those of the second row and with the metacarpals. The phalanges of the second row then articulate with those of the first and third row and those in the last row with the second row. The human finger does have an actuator system which is the extrinsic muscles that originate in the forearm and intrinsic ones that originate in the forearm. These two different types of actuators provide both isometrics forces and maneuverability as well as stabilization (Porth & Matfin, 2007). Connective tissue then brings the parallel fibers together that make up the muscles. These are connected to tendons which then end in the finger bones (Banks, 2001). Synovial sheaths are then responsible for the smooth gliding that happens. Studies that have been done on both normal and disabled hands (Banks, 2001) tell us that it is the properties of the connective tendons that ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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