The Effects of Step Dance on Physical Self-perception - Literature review Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The research detailed in the discussed article focuses on the psychological effect of exercise on male and female students. Specifically, the research focuses on the effect of a step dance program that spans 10 weeks on physical self-perception and body image satisfaction…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.8% of users find it useful
The Effects of Step Dance on Physical Self-perception
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Effects of Step Dance on Physical Self-perception"

Journal Article Summary The article is about a research done on “The effects of step dance on physical self-perception of female andmale university students” (Asci, 2002). The research focuses on the effect of a step dance program that spans 10 weeks on physical self-perception and body image satisfaction. It is commonly agreed that physical activity or exercise has psychological and physiological benefits to human beings. The physiological benefits of exercise result from changes in body composition, aerobic capacity, cardiovascular functioning, and many more as highlighted in the article. Psychological benefits of exercise include an individual acquiring an internal locus of control, an increase in confidence, self-control, perception and sexual satisfaction while it decreases anxiety, hostility, tension and depression. Researchers have studied the relationship between self-concept and exercise with the view of determining if exercise improves self-concept in the recent past; this field of research is still growing and more research needs to be done to prove the connection. Thus, the research detailed in the article focuses on the psychological effect of exercise on male and female students.
The research study used 22 participants of which 14 were male and 8 were female. The participants were university students who voluntarily offered to participate in the study. The study used two instruments for data collection: the Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSSP) and Berscheid, Walster and Bohrnstedt Body Image Questionnaire (BIQ). The PSSP assesses self-perception within the physical domain, and it contained four subdomain scales consisting of six items that were to be contrasted with two descriptions, e.g., people with unattractive or attractive bodies. The BIQ instrument is a questionnaire that was used to assess the participant’s satisfaction with body parts (Asci, 2002).
The procedure of the research involved random assigning of the 22 participants to experimental and control groups that were equated by gender. The experimental group consisted of 11 participants, and the control group had the remaining number of participants. The experimental group participated in 10-week long step dance sessions that lasted 50 minutes in three days of the week. Their session was broken down to 10 minutes of warm-up, 25 minutes of step dance, 10 minutes of floor exercises and 5 minutes of cool-down, of which the heart rate of each participant was checked after each session. The control group did not participate in any physical activity for the period of the study. PSSP and BIQ were administered to all the participants one day before and after the study (Asci, 2002).
The results of the study showed no significant effect of sport competence on self-perception when sex was used as a covariant. The PSSP results showed no significant effect on all the subscales in relation to physical perception. The analysis method used was ANCOVA and it did not reveal any significant effect of time in relation to the body image satisfaction. The results of the research make it impossible to verify if step dancing has an influence on self-perception and body image satisfaction (Asci, 2002). The results did not provide any significant difference between the subscales of both control and experimental groups.
The results from the research failed to prove the hypothesis, and so the connection between self-perception was not proved. Past researches have proved that there is a relationship between the two; therefore, this means that the study failed to prove the hypothesis because of differences in methodology, sample group, types of exercise, and the duration of the study. In future, studies should be held for a longer period, and the type of exercises should be diversified, as well as an increase in the sample group.
Asci, F. (2002). The effects of step dance on physical self-perception of female and male university students.International Journal of Sport Psychology, 431-442. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(The Effects of Step Dance on Physical Self-perception Literature review, n.d.)
The Effects of Step Dance on Physical Self-perception Literature review. Retrieved from
(The Effects of Step Dance on Physical Self-Perception Literature Review)
The Effects of Step Dance on Physical Self-Perception Literature Review.
“The Effects of Step Dance on Physical Self-Perception Literature Review”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Effects of Step Dance on Physical Self-perception

Right Intention: A Step Towards Self-Evolution

...?Right Intention: A Step Towards Self-Evolution Introduction Religions from Eastern part of the world have contributed immensely to the physical, mental and spiritual evolution of human beings. If a person desires to achieve highest possible bliss, and freedom from emotional and mental sufferings of mundane life, then different religious teachings from East can prove to be highly effective tools. Personally, I find ‘the noble eightfold path’ by Buddha very effective for human evolution as it helps the human beings to evolve in a ‘step by step’ manner and hence, makes the goal of self transformation simple...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Alcohol's Mental and Physical Effects

...Alcohols mental and physical effects Introduction: Consumption of alcohol is a wide spread social trend as well as an evil which has penetrated the social fabric and is imbibed into social customs, since times immemorial. Although a drink or two is presumably perceived to be harmless, addition to alcohol may cause long lasting negative impact on an individual’s physical and mental health. The consequences and repercussions of alcohol consumptions can be analyzed from various perspectives, to understand and assess the extent of damage it can cause. The consumption of alcohol not only tends to harm the individual consuming it, but also those around them, thus, disrupting their social...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Common Biases in Self-perception

...of self-perception. A multitude of factors influence people’s judgments including their personality traits, past experiences, and extent of knowledge. In a vast majority of cases, people cannot handle situations correctly because they do not know that the fault lies in their self-perceptions rather than any external factor. Realization of biases in self-perceptions is the first step towards the elimination of their social interaction problems. Provision of the people with training and development to inculcate the sense of accurate judgment in them is of immense importance because knowledge of distinction between right...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

How Age,Gender and Self-Perception Affect Self-Handicapping

...? How Age, Gender and Self-Perception Affect Self-Handicapping Full Self-handicapping is said to have been considered in a general manner nevertheless, lately, it has been more closely studied in relation to academic settings. This is quite an interesting and important research because it could help students not only in their present endeavors but also in their future activities as adults. The matter has caused so much attention from psychologists because of its perceived importance in helping create better responses from students and employees alike. Therefore, there have been much studies conducted to further understand the implications of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...not decided on a major for college but I am certain that dance will be part of my college experiences. If there is not a hip-hop/breakdance club I will start one immediately. Dancing has helped me to relieve stress, be creative, meet friends, make people happy, and remain in great physical health. As you will have noticed, I have had many experiences and responsibilities in the dance field. I have had to be disciplined, responsible, meet deadlines, and perform. All of these leadership skills will be brought into my chosen field and I will remain as a volunteer to help others. I hope _________ University gives me the opportunity to become part of the student body and...
1 Pages(250 words)Admission/Application Essay

Physical Education Effects

...groups was to judge the effect of physical education on academic performance by testing both groups independently. The reason of including both groups in a well-defined, separate category was to test the effects carefully. So, the results were less expected to deviate. Moreover, the groups were distinct and had no direct connection with each other. Information and Criteria: Consensus is the primary decision making process. Although all methods can be applied while drawing a conclusion or making a decision, consensus is the easiest and the suitable method. It is because consensus involves the consent, not necessarily the agreement, of the group fellows. The problem here is solved by...
25 Pages(6250 words)Thesis

Step by Step Procedure the monitoring program and makes the student feel important and engenders concepts of “self-determination” (Individualized Service Plan, n.d., p. 11). Based on this conceptual framework, the following Step-by-Step Academic Plan is suggested for intervening in and monitoring an individual student’s academic instruction and progress. Academic Plan Step 1: Once a student is identified and his or her specific needs are identified, conduct a survey calculated to gather information relative to the student’s identified area of risk in terms of learning and the student’s academic goals overall. Step 2: Prepare an Academic Plan. Step 3:...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Self-perception and Attitude

...Attitude Formation/ Self-perception and Attitude Cognitive Dissonance I have always believed that smoking is something which is not only socially unacceptable, but also is detrimental for a person’s health. However owing to some mishaps in life, last year I started smoking on regular basis. Every time I lighted a cigarette, I waged a war with my beliefs. This resulted in a lot of frustration and disgust. However, to deal with these negative feelings, I either had to change my habit or change my beliefs. With the help of therapy sessions, I was able to overcome the anger and frustration and thus, left smoking for good (Greenwald & Ronis, 1978). Physical Punishment vs. Positive...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay


...and society, confiscation refers to the adoption of techniques and effects from native cultures into the American dance and society (Rogers 10). With reference to cultures and dance, confiscation integrates the conflicting association between the African dance traditions and the American culture. The Ghost dance is a dance practice that exemplifies "confiscation" of dance forms to "create" a new American dance form. From the Ghost Dance, we can indeed derive the fact that there was a confiscation of techniques and effects from native cultures into the American...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay


...Dance Beyonce’s music video, Get me Bodied, and Bob Fosse’s Rich Man’s Frug have quite visible similarities. Anyone watching the two videos can make out that Beyonce has copied Fosse’s style. The similarity becomes evident at around 01:15 of Beyonce’s video when everyone goes quiet at her entrance and wonders aloud “who is it”. Not only is has this style been taken from Fosse’s video but Beyonce has gone so far as to even copy the angles and art direction. Take for example the shot where four girls come in the scene and say “who is it”. Besides this, the setting and environment of the two videos is quite similar as well. Beyonce’s video is only a modern version of Fosse’s, with differing dance...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Literature review on topic The Effects of Step Dance on Physical Self-perception for FREE!

Contact Us