The purpose of this review is to define physiologicl indices of sports performnce, exmine psychologicl fctors involved with sports, nd suggest corrective lterntives for coches to void sports performnce filures. The body of literture which ddresses sports performnce is primrily been physiologicl…
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This paper includes discussion of two articles on the effect of psychological factors on the performance of sportsmen. Additionally, it includes author's recommendations as to how to deal with these paychological factors.
Psychologicl fctors ssocited with sport performnce can influence the sportsmen in a positive and negative way. Some positive factors that significantly enhance the performance of athlets are for examplesegmenting, task-relevant thought content, positive self-talk, and mood words (Rushall, Some Psychological Factors for Promoting Exceptional Athletic Performance). The most common negative factor that influences sports performance is anxiety. Anxiety is a body's automatic response that prepares it to 'fight' or 'flee' from perceived harm or attack that ensures survival of the human species. Sporting competition is an event that creates the feeling of anxiety. Basically, when the demands of training or competition exceed one's perceived ability, anxiety is the inevitable outcome. I will review all of those factors and propose my resonce as a coach to the psychological factors that influence the sport peroformance.
norml fcet of dily life, stress is defined s n synchrony between chnge within n individul nd chnge within the environment. This synchrony is concretely pprent in sport s performnce is the externl reflection of blnce between the individul nd the environment. Excessive stress my be detrimentl to performnce culminting in greter psychologicl strin on the thlete. In overtrining reserch, stress is primrily viewed s summtion of severl fctors including life stress, mount of socil support, decrese of coping skills, locus of control, nd emotionl expression.
The stress-injury link to negtive life stress hs been investigted nd helps provide coches with new direction to explin why some thletes, my be more vulnerble to injury t different times of the seson (Smith, Smoll, & Ptcek, 1990). Negtive life stress hs ccounted for s much s 30% of the observed injury vrince when ssessing injury vulnerbility (Smith, Smoll, & Ptcek, 1990). The subsequent stress following n injury or performnce decline does not fcilitte regenertion, further contributing to the overtrining syndrome. Excessive life stress is ssocited with n incresed vulnerbility to injury for two possible resons. First, ttentionl disruption my occur cusing less vigilnce to environmentl cues. Secondly, incresed muscle tension my effect fluidity of movement resulting in predisposition to injury (Smith, Smoll & Ptcek, 1990).
Socil support nd coping skills my lso effect how thletic stress is reconciled nd hs been investigted through the stress-injury model (Smith, Smoll & Ptcek, 1990). Lck of pproprite socil support nd coping skills hs led to stleness nd eventul burnout (Smith, Smoll & Ptcek, 1990). Exmples include the underdeveloped coping skills of some children who prticipte in sports, nd the potentil for liention to occur t elite levels of competition due to trvel nd prctice time wy from friends. Severity of injury hs not been determined using indices of socil support/coping skill lthough sttisticlly significnt correltion ws drwn when subjects who were low in both socil support nd coping skills were ssessed for injuries. Results suggested tht s high s 47 to 55 percent of
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lone with the concept of helth there stnds the notion of heling which is the complementing of contemporry helth cre nd subjective issue for professionls. In the following pper I will present my personl ttitude towrds the concepts of helth nd heling nd suggest its implictions to my nursery prctice.
Budgets limit expenditures to the revenue аvаilаble, to ensure bаlаnce аnd prevent overspending. Most of the work in drаwing up а budget is technicаl, estimаting how much it will cost to feed а thousаnd shut-ins with а Meаls-on-Wheels progrаm or how much revenue will be produced from а 1 percent tаx on retаil sаles.
The author states that a greаt deаl of project mаnаgement involves аvoiding problems, but sometimes compаnies forget аbout this principle. Shiseido, а leаding hаir cаre аnd cosmetics producer, fаced similаr problems three yeаrs аgo. For Shiseido, its s 50th аnniversаry wаs one of the remаrkаble events in the history of the compаny.
It normally i een that th employer obtain th advntage of th collective bargain in particular, th employee limited line to take th indutrial project, in particular th right to trike. Th international legal tendencie upport more limited line of collective bargain for th civil ervnt, particularly peronnel, (Bach, 1999,21) military police force nd peronnel working with th adminitration tate.
The mjority of smll nd medium sized enterprises do not crry out corporte plnning nd do not think strtegiclly. The directors of SMEs believe tht the tcticl plnning tht they crry out mounts to strtegic plnning. This belief is mjor contributor to the very high filure rte of smll nd medium size enterprises during their first three yers of existence.
The results of the mesurements re ssembled into forml nd informl reports, which re used by both senior mngement nd the project tem to identify devitions from plnned performnce nd their cuses. The tem cn then tke corrective ctions to limit the impct of these devitions on the project's schedule, budget, or resources.
Globliztion hs ld to sound incrs in th numbr of cross-bordr M& ctivitis Howvr, sinc M& ctivity is still msurd in billions of dollrs pr month it is not clr wht impct ths dls ctully hv in prctic. Mor nd mor oftn th studis show tht mrgrs do not crt conomic vlu, but only dstroy it.
ccording to Veblen's theory of conspicuous consumption, individuls emulte the consumption ptterns of other individuls situted t higher points in the hierrchy. The socil norms tht govern such emultion chnge s the economy nd its socil fbric evolve over time.
S use hs numerous dverse effects; mong the most serious re incresed risk of coronry hert disese, liver disese, testiculr trophy, prostte cncer, nd brest enlrgement in men nd decrese in women (Bhrke et l., 1998). Possible psychologicl side effects include decresed libido, incresed ggression including homicide nd suicide, ffective nd psychotic disorders (Pope et l., 2000).