This research paper aims to discuss if doping in sports is a problem because of dangerous side effects, cost of drug testing, and loss of revenue to owners and players. Athletics are meant to promote health, fair and just play as well as the overall interactions among people of different ethnicities…
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Doping in athletes is the most current element that threatens the entire athletics body in the world. Athletes have been found to have used performance enhancing drugs in various athletic competitions through out the world. The motive behind the use of these drugs is not yet established. But the fact remains constant that the primary reason for using performance enhancing drugs by some athletes his to gain competitive advantage and thus snatch the rewards. In some cases personal accomplishments and ambitions such as the need to win medals for their countries are among the driving factors that make athletes engage in doping. Among the commonly abused drugs among athletes include anabolic asteroids, androstenedione, human growth hormones, stimulants, creatine, erythropoietin and diuretics. According to this research, about 1-3 million athletes in the United States have been involved in the use of anabolic steroids by the year 2005, with designer steroids being the commonly abused (O'Leary and John 23).
II. Dangers and Side effects
The side effects and the health risks associated with performance enhancing drugs are difficult to assess to the fact that these drugs are illegal. However, studies have revealed the consequences of using these drugs as discussed below. Effects of anabolic steroids The use of anabolic steroids comes with very adverse effects on athletes. The effects however, manifest themselves differently depending on gender. For instance, men develop prominent breasts, baldness, infertility and impotence. In advanced stages, the male testicles become shrunken. On the mother hand, females develop deeper voice, increased body hair, baldness, frequent or sometimes absence of periods (Houlihan and Barrie, 67). Effects of Androstenedione This is a drug that is legally found in prescription form. However, the use of it as a performance enhancing drug is illegal in some countries like the United States of America. The effects of androstenedione in men are; diminished sperm production, breasts enlargement and shrinking of the testicles. In females the effect is that is common is masculinization, such as voice deepening and male-pattern baldness. Effects of human growth hormones This hormone is also known as gonadotropin, and is mainly used by athletes to increase the mass of the muscles and performance. However, the human growth hormones have anabolic effect. Among these effects are; High blood pressure (hypertension), Muscle weakness, Diabetes, pain in the joints and impaired glucose regulation (Khan et al, 12). III. Drug testing procedures Test for doping can be done in two ways. One through blood sample test and the other is done through urine sample test. However, urine sample test is the most commonly used method. The procedures followed are as shown below. Step1. Notification of selection for a urine test The athletes are notified of selection for a test an anti-doping agency through the use of an official Doping Control Form. Step2. Reporting for sample collection The notified athletes are expected to report to the Doping Control Station with immediate effect on the specified time. The
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This has led them to use performance enhancing drugs, which may be prescribed to them or they can acquire themselves. In the US, National Football League (NFL) is regarded as the most competitive sport in the country, while worldwide; moreover, football is the most watched sport. Athletes must maintain high levels of vision, and creativity, as well as be physically strong and able to keep of competition from other athletes.
Nonetheless, the practice of doping is regarded to be illegal. Basically, drug use to enhance performance is an unfair strategy that offers a competitive advantage to the athlete over the others. Some of the impacts of drugs in sports are increased productivity, endurance, alertness, wakefulness and overcoming fatigue (Riddle, Fleckenstein & Hanson E847 – 451).
Athletics, like football, and rugby is among those games that require a lot of energy for participation. This therefore implies that athletes have to keep fit through rigorous training and being on well prescribed and consistent diet at all times. As the saying goes, practice makes perfect, the athlete just like the footballers and other participants in various games have to keep on practicing in order to enhance their ability and expertise in their performances.
‘Doping’ is a term pertaining to the use of illegal athlete performance drugs. Despite the long-term health consequences and an increased risk of untimely death associated with doping (Dhar et al., 2005), there are still a lot of athletes today who are taking drugs to enhance their athletic performances.
Researchers suggest that some drugs can have beneficial effect on athletes’ central nervous system so that they will become more aggressive in training and competition. In spite of the immense efforts taken by regulatory authorities to eliminate the issue of
They include human growth hormone, diuretics, erythropoietin and stimulant. The name itself defines their two major characteristics i.e. anabolic means to build up or synthesize; whereas androgenic means involving male features. These artificial hormones are related to
Sports medicine ensures the early detection of injuries and the right forms of treatment. Most importantly, sports medicine promotes the welfare of athletes and players ensuring that they are not susceptible to injuries and they are not prone to sports-related
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
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