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Weber employed a different approach of the social groups as opposed to that of Marx. Weber classified economic, social and political inform of class, status and party respectively. He regards these three as a phenomenon of the distribution of power within a society. Weber’s belief of class, status and party indicates the approach in which the material basis is related to the ideological sense. To grasp the real sense of Weber’s perception on stratification, he argues that an individual identity should not be determined by class identity, and the status and party identities often cross among class divisions.
The main argument that Davis and Moore put forward is that, stratification is aimed at placing and motivating individuals in the social structure. The fact of social inequity in the human society is determined by ubiquity and its antiquity. Each society must put individuals in social positions and motivate them to work hard. However, some positions are more functionally important than others therefore, requiring more training than others to induce their talent. Various societies place skilled and trained people in these positions so that they can be motivated to get better rewards. From this principle, the resulting stratification system is functional for the society. However, there are internal factors like the social distance between these positions and external factors like relationship to other societies that will seem to affect a society’s stratification system.
The power elite theory claims that a single elite can decide important matters like life and death issues for a whole nation while leaving minor issues for the middle level and close to nothing for the common man. Whereas, pluralists advocate for fair power sharing, the power elite school decries the unjust distribution of power. According to Mills, the
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Human rights advocate for individual protection from oppression, freedom of expression, movement, education, and worship. However, not many of the communities and social set-ups practice keeping to the regulation (Dominelli, 2010:350). This article will discuss the emergence of the anti-oppression theory in the 21st century and some of the factors in the society that prompted its surfacing.
Inequality can exist in terms of economic, racial, ethnic, political, gender as well as religion. Such diversity of the concept and its application therefore makes it a relatively diversified concept. Modern societies boast about the equal opportunities for all however,
In Blau and Duncan, “The Process of Stratification” the authors develop the idea of status attainment. They claim that the lower an individual begins, the greater chances for that individual to be mobile upwards. However, this
In Omni and Winant’s, “Racial Formation in the US”, the authors deconstruct the commonly- held view of race as a product of biology. They present a theory of race as a social construct determined by societal interactions and pressures. According
eralized anger that finds target where it can-immigrants, foreign countries, American elites, government in all forms-and it rewards demagogues while discrediting reformers (par. 24).
The key sentence which I fine most important is the sentence in paragraph 24 that says
In addition, Ferrante opines that social class is normally considered as a basic factor in deciding an individual’s life chances (Ferrante 161). It has been observed that the differences based on social class have considerably declined in recent
A reflection on conflict theories helps in understanding their application in society values.
After reading the chapter on conflict theories, I have come to understand various theories. One of the theories that I
Marx believes that religion offers comfort and makes the working class less aware of the harsh political and economic issues they might be facing. Marx theory argues that religion masks the working class from the reality that they are being oppressed. A similar argument
Conflict theory can be described as people in a society are distributed in groups based on social order and this social order is governed and enforced by those having power. The power is not in the hands of individuals, but groups. Every individual living in a society is a
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