Though the issue of social exclusion has only come into prominence in recent years, there is no denying its significance in today's society. According to the London based Social Exclusion Unit is "a shorthand label for what can happen when individuals or areas suffer from a combination of linked problems such as unemployment, poor skills, low incomes, poor housing, high crime environments, bad health and family breakdown" (Lang & Wilkinson).
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A more fundamental issue concerns personal and social recognition. Often individuals are considered "statistics" and lose their capability to express their opinions, defend their rights or have the ability to live in safety. Thus, the issue of social exclusion has become a major priority in social development.
According to The Poverty Site1, all group ages can be victims of social exclusion but the youth and elderly are among the most vulnerable. Thus, when efforts were launched in 2000, most efforts concentrated on alleviating the conditions that were challenging children and the elderly ("Key Facts", 2006). However this is not to diminish the fact that social exclusion can be a significant concern among adults as well. A key development in recent years has also been in part due to increase in immigration from non-English speaking countries to the UK (Lang & Wilkinson).
From the data from the site, most key indicators of the issue have remained steady. Efforts in controlling immigration and the responsiveness of socialized programs have been effective in addressing most of the concerns initially raised. However, as in Appendix A and B, some indicators have either remained as a concern or have become one. These indicators are summarized in Table 1.
According to the study, community indicators are the one that needs the most focus ("Indicators", 2006). There is still no observed greater satisfaction regarding local settings or level of mortgage arrears. While housing benefits remain to be viewed as inadequate. The most notable concern is regarding overcrowding which may indicate population due to the lack of resources in surrounding areas ("Executive Summary of Indicators", 2006).
The next sets of indicators of concern are those that involve young adults, adults aged twenty five to retirement and older people ("Indicators", 2006). Among young adults, there has been greater unemployment and decrease in skills and qualification attainment. The issue has become concern primarily because of its implication regarding a developing trend that can stress social services in the future. For adults aged twenty five to retirement, who make the bulk of the work force, there has still been no conclusive success in decreasing the number of workless households with poverty rate remaining at 19% ("Executive Summary of Indicators", 2006). Another pressing concern is the increasing number of diagnosed obese individuals. The urgency of addressing these indicators is also because of the stress for social services as well as because of considered with the development among young adults, the group becomes even more important in maintaining labor levels.
Though programs have been most successful in with those the concerned children, there has been an increase in the statistics of young offenders ("Indicators", 2006). The concern has been not only in the incidence of the offenses but also because of their gravity. Studies indicate that these developments are in part because of greater social and economic pressures however it may also be because of greater awareness for the need for intervention among juvenile offenders or greater access to programs for them (Tarolla et al, 2006).
On a more general level, The Poverty Site has
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Poverty and Social Exclusion
This present essay deals with the issues of poverty and social exclusion. In particular, its main objective is to clearly define or establish the true meaning of poverty and what it entails. Secondly, the essay will seek to establish how poverty differs from social exclusion.
This quote, when referring to humans, clearly shows the underpinning ideology in our societies. All humans have equal rights however due to their status in the society, they enjoy more liberties than those with lower status. Although these rights may not be discriminatory, inborn prejudices cause some humans to discriminate during their day to day work.
Its workers (Abramovitz, 1998, Addams, 1960, and Jacobson, 2001) move farther to identify valuable professional values, directed towards social reforms.
The first social psychology theory which can be related in social work is Lewin's field theory and Lewin's theory of change.
The essay presents a brief synopsis of the findings, which will then be followed by an explanation of how this topic relates to the wider issue of social exclusion. Basically, it will explore the different understandings of social exclusion, including questions of structure and agency, and the links to poverty via a more detailed discussion of the different perspectives on the causes for social exclusion.
Also called class, social class is "a group of people within a society who possess the same socioeconomic status. Besides being important in social theory, the concept of class as a collection of individuals sharing similar economic circumstances has been widely used in censuses and in studies of social mobility." (Social Class.
The unit was established and it was decided that policies would be planned and revised every two years.
The SEU (1997) takes a somewhat wider view in its description of its remit, describing social exclusion as a "Short-hand label for what can happen when individuals or areas suffer from a concentration of linked problems such as unemployment, poor skills, low income, poor housing, high crime, bad health and family breakdown".
According to the report the Social Exclusion Unit describes social exclusion as “a shorthand label for what can happen when individuals or areas suffer from a combination of linked problems such as unemployment, poor skills, low incomes, poor housing, high crime environments, bad health and family breakdown”.
The author states that the members of the society organize themselves according to the gender categories defined in that society. A woman will behave differently when speaking to women and when speaking to men i.e. to her own gender and to the other gender. This happens because such types of differing behavior are learnt through stereotyping.
Some of the entitlements which come under this type of benefit are War Disability Pension (WDP) and Industrial Injuries Disablement Benefit (IIDB). Historically, the next intervention to protect the interests of the disabled was the Industrial Injuries Disablement Benefit which was introduced in 1948 (DSS ,1998 a).
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
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