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Monetary Policy Master - Essay Example

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Summary
The purpose of this study is to come out with the factors that are generally considered before taking any decision on monetary policy. The analysis also deals with determining the economic factors which play a major role in establishing the monetary policy…
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Monetary Policy Master Essay
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Monetary Policy Master

Download file to see previous pages... Government regulates many things in an economy including inflation, exports and imports, prices of many vital commodities, and many important economic aspects.
Government of England has entrusted the job of determining the monetary policy, in the hands of Bank of England. Bank of England looks into many other big issues. One of the most important issues is that of ensuring monetary stability in the economy, which can be achieved through a combination of stable prices of goods and services across the economy coupled with a low inflation level and level of confidence of the investors in the currency of the country. The Bank comes out with the monetary policy in order to ensure a certain key objectives like, delivering price stability with a low inflation level coupled with an objective to support the Government's economic objectives of growth and employment. Price stability is taken care of, by the Government's usual inflation target of 2%. There is a need to contemplate the crucial and critical role played by price stability in achieving the aforesaid economic stability, and in providing just the right conditions for a sustainable and longer living growth in output and employment. Chancellor of the Exchequer announces the Government's inflation target every year in the annual Budget statement. Though The 1998 Bank of England Act enables it to set interest rates independently, however, The Bank does hold accountability to the parliament and the wider public, which can not be refrained from. The legislation provides the government the power to instruct the bank on the interest rates issues for a limited period of time during emergency, for the sake of national interests. (How Monetary Policy Works)
The inflation target of 2% depicts the target in terms of an annual rate of inflation based on the Consumer Prices Index (CPI). The government's intention is definitely not to achieve the lowest possible inflation rate, as a low inflation is supposed to be equally bad as a high one and for that matter inflation below the target of 2% is judged to be as worse as inflation above the predefined target. The inflation target is therefore very symmetrical. (How Monetary Policy Works)
If the Bank misses the target just by a margin of more than 1 percentage points on any side, be it up or down, the Governor of the Bank is required to write an open letter to the Chancellor explaining all the reasons as to why it happened and why inflation increased or fell to such an extent and what are the proposals to ensure that inflation comes back to the target and is retained, however, A target of 2% does in no way mean that inflation will be held at this rate constantly. That would be neither possible nor in any way desirable. Interest rates would be changing all the times, causing unnecessary volatility in the economy. Even then it would neither be possible nor feasible to keep inflation at any predetermined level, say 2% in each and every month continuously. Instead, the committee aims to set interest rates so that inflation can be brought back to target within a reasonable and imaginable span of time without creating undue instability and volatility in the economy. The Committee has its own way of functioning and it entrusts the job of taking all interest rate decision with ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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