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Mass murder - Research Paper Example

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Mass murder is a term mostly used in the military set up referring to the action of killing a large number of individuals usually at once and within a short period (Fox & Jack 5). However, according to FBI, a mass murderer is a person killing four or more people at once…
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Download file to see previous pages Mass murder is different from spree killing. In mass murder, organizations or individuals commit the crime. However, in spree killing, the crime is executed by one of two people (Frances 5). Moreover, in spree killing, the perpetrators kill commit the crime in more than one location and at an instant while in mass murder, people are killed at an instant and in one location. Government agents also conduct mass murder by intentional and indiscriminate killing of large number of persons. This occurs through execution of unarmed protestors, indiscriminate murder of civilians, carpet bombing of urban places and cities as well as throwing of dangerous weapons like grenades into jails among others (Hillshafer 24). For example, the government may attempt to exterminate entire communities or groups of people based on religion or ethnic background. In US, There is scarce information about mass murder ever since its establishment. Grant Duwe who is the director of research and evaluation at the Minnesota Department of Corrections has assembled data pertaining to US mass murder from 1976 (Duwe 23). His work has established data of 156 mass murders over the last 100 years. He asserts that mass murder in the USA has been occasioned by gun shootings within schools, restaurants, work places among other public places. This data excludes those killed by police when committing crimes such as drug traffic, robbery, or terrorism acts. Throughout history, there has been a lot of incidences of mass murder. According to Duwe, the first incidences of mass murder wave within US started in the 1920s throughout 1930s (Duwe 25). These murders mainly comprised of felony and familicides massacres. In the 1960s through to mid 1990s, there existed a greater number of mass shootings, such as the one in Newton. Moreover, in 1996, a student named Charles Whitman climbed a 27 story building where he shot and killed 14 people while wounding another 31. The incident is referred as the 1996 Texas Tower shootings. Ever since 1900, the highest number of public mass murder by use of guns occurred in 1929. Criminologists claim that the highest number of mass murder cases in US was in 1900s, and this amounted to more than forty percent of the reported cases (Duwe 25). However, between 2000 and 2009, there was a drop in the cases of mass shootings and this constituted less than 30 percent of the reported cases. Some cases involving mass murder entail the 1893 murder of 11 people whereby the perpetrators used guns and swords in carrying out the execution in the city of Osaka, Japan. Consequently, the 1914 shooting incident left 7 people dead in Camerata Cornello in Italy. There are different types of mass murder and these include mass murder by state and mass murder by individuals. Mass murder by a state This type of murder is state sponsored and covers a variety of potential killings. Government agents intentionally and indiscriminately execute many people at once for ethnic, religious, or other reasons (Kuhne 120). For instance, the government can deliberately massacre captives in times of war. A good example is the execution of captives by the Empire of Japan, the Nazi Germany, and the Nanjing massacre among others. Moreover, mass execution of civilians in the period of total war more so through strategic bombing such as the Bombing of Tokyo as well as the atomic bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima also constitute ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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