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Obesity - Research Paper Example

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Obesity refers to excessive and abnormal accumulation of fats in the body that affect a person’s health. A person having a BMI of 30 or more can be considered to be obese. Similarly, a person having a BMI of 25 or more can also be considered as obese…
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Download file to see previous pages... In the recent past, incidences of obesity have risen dramatically, with persons in both developed and developing nations being affected by this menace. This paper will discuss the issue of obesity and analyze the factors related to this issue. The paper will also address the impact of obesity on individuals, groups, and the entire society. The paper will also focus on the theories and statistics of obesity, as well as examples of this issue. Over the last one decade, obesity has become a global problem that has affected many people all over the world. In 2005, the World Health Organization (WHO) stated that about 1.2 billion adults over the age of fifteen years suffered from overweight conditions while 300 adults were obese. Health professionals contend that if the current trends go on, about 2.3 billion adults will be suffering from overweight conditions by 2015. Approximately 300, 000 annual deaths occur in the United States as a result of obesity. In the United States, 60 million Americans aged 20 years and older tend to be obese while about 9 million teens in the age bracket of 6-19 years suffer from overweight conditions. The prevalence of obesity in developed countries tends to be about 15-20% of the total population (Wilborn et. al., 2005). Causes of Obesity There are several causes obesity. Sedentary lifestyle can be regarded as a main cause of obesity. Many people who are not physically active are at the risk of becoming obese. Physical inactivity tends to be common in people who spend a lot of time watching television while they do not engage in exercise. Physical inactivity also results from few demands at the workplace, especially because modern technologies have made work effective. Physical inactivity may also result from overreliance on cars while going to work rather than taking a walk to work. Physically inactive persons become obese since they do not burn any calories. Physical inactivity may cause diseases such as coronary heart diseases and be a risk factor to other conditions associated with obesity and overweight (Wilborn et. al., 2005). Another cause of obesity includes the diet; the eating habits of a person have a direct influence on the possibility of him or her becoming obese and overweight. People who take foods that have a lot of fat and carbohydrates and little amounts of fibre may become obese. Fast foods also cause obesity since they contain a lot of fats and little amounts of protein. Family history and genes can also be termed as causes of obesity; the condition of obesity may be inherited from parents. There are high chances that a child will become obese or overweight when one of his or her parents suffered from obesity. Since children emulate their parents in terms of behaviour, parents who take foods having a lot of calories may pass on this habit to their children (Marks, 2004). Other causes of obesity include emotional factors and medicines. There are some medicines that may cause weight gain; these medicines include antidepressants and corticosteroids. These medicines cause obesity by slowing the rate of burning calories by the body. These medicines may also increase a person’s appetite, thus making a person consume more than they normally consume. Consequently, this eventually leads to overweight and conditions related to obesity. Some emotional factors may also cause obesity. For instance, some people may take more food when they experience boredom. Such overeating eventually leads to weight gain and may cause obesity (Vaidya & Wise, 2006). Obesity may also be caused by ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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