Social Epidemiology Of ADHD in the USA - Term Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Name “Social Epidemiology of ADHD in the USA” Date Social Epidemiology of ADHD in the USA Introduction The study of social determinants of health and disease transmission and progression is called Social Epidemiology. This includes the pathways by which society conditions affect health in the epidemiologic triangle of host, agent, and environment…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.9% of users find it useful
Social Epidemiology Of ADHD in the USA
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Social Epidemiology Of ADHD in the USA"

Download file to see previous pages It is characterised by inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity conditions and is first evident in children. Global statistics depicts a threefold rise in medication of ADHD, which implies that the disease is on the rise also. In particular, US spent about $2.3 billion on this disease, which is nine times higher than the spending for the same in the year 1993. This paper is a discussion on the existing incidences of ADHD and the prevalent groups in the USA. Prevalent Groups ADHD is a disease prevalent in USA as in any other part of the world. Although many think that ADHD is prevalent in America because of some of their cultural and social factors, research has shown that ADHD is common to children of different races, tribes, and societies worldwide but its non-recognition in the medical field reduces its popularity elsewhere (Faraone et al 104-109). ADHD disease takes a non-random distribution pattern among people of different ages, genders, geographic regions, economic status, race, and family structures. Age ADHD is more prevalent in children. World Psychiatry journal states that in the USA 1 in 20 children has this behaviour problem. Study has shown that 80% of children with ADHD may carry the problem into adolescence and adulthood (Faraone et al 105-111). Assuming this is true means that we have less cases of ADHD in adolescence and in adulthood, and thus the disease is more prevalent in childhood. According to Vital and Health Statistics as quoted in the National Resource Centre on ADHD website, children of the age three- to- seventeen years give high scores of ADHD. For instance, 5 million children, who are equivalent to 9% of this group, have ADHD (National Resource Centre on ADHD Web). Adults report a lesser percentage ranging from 4% to 4.4% in the US. Gender Among the children of three-to- seventeen years, boys emerge with a greater percentage of cases of ADHD. This means that ADHD is more prevalent in boys than in girls. According to Vital and Health Statistics as quoted in National Resource Centre on ADHD website, boy’s cases of ADHD are more than twice that of the girl’s: boys recording 12% and girls 5% (Pastor and Reuben 1-3). Family Structure ADHD is also a disease which prevalence depends on a family structure. Parental guidance and care seem to be core values that shape the mind of a child and prevent them from hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention. This is because there is a big variation in the manner the disease is distributed in the families with both parents, with one parent of either gender and with no parent at all. Research has shown that families with no parent report the highest cases of ADHD, probably because of stress the children have to go through. According to CDC statistics, a family with a father and a mother records 7.3 % of ADHD cases, that with a mother and no father 11.1% cases, that with a father and no mother 8.7%, and lastly the family with neither parents records the highest with 15.37%. This clearly indicates that parental upbringing is the key in the prevention of ADHD cases (Bloom, Cohen 19-24) Race and Ethnic Groups ADHD prevalence trends vary in race and ethnicity, as per the 1998-through-2000 research. Some studies carried out depict that Mexican children have a lower ADHD prevalence than any other racial group in USA. According to Tsuang et al, a study carried out to detect ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Social Epidemiology Of ADHD in the USA Term Paper”, n.d.)
Social Epidemiology Of ADHD in the USA Term Paper. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1451025-social-epidemiology-of-adhd-in-the-usa
(Social Epidemiology Of ADHD in the USA Term Paper)
Social Epidemiology Of ADHD in the USA Term Paper. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1451025-social-epidemiology-of-adhd-in-the-usa.
“Social Epidemiology Of ADHD in the USA Term Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1451025-social-epidemiology-of-adhd-in-the-usa.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Social Epidemiology Of ADHD in the USA

Addiction to Adderall

..., pp. 122-123). This paper is aimed at describing the misuse and abuse of the drug called Adderall. History and epidemiology of the drug Adderall: Adderall is a salt-based medicine which is used for the curing hyperactivity disorder. This disorder is caused by deficit of attention. The drug is used is for another important medical condition, the narcolepsy. The drug is legally usable in Canada and in United States of America only. The drug is the brand-name of a psychostimulant medication. The drug is “composed of racemic amphetamine aspartate monohydrate, racemic amphetamine sulfate, dextroamphetamine saccharide, and dextroamphetamine sulfate” (Verderber et al., 2011, p. 16). These are all amphetamine salts. The drug is...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

EPIDEMIOLOGY

...? EPID: Epidemiology B QUESTION 9 marks) A study aimed to assess the prevalence of anemia in children from 1 to 2 years in a country. Haemoglobin was measured by a Hemocue photometer and anaemia was defined as haemoglobin less than 8 g/100 mL blood. Duration of breastfeeding was determined by asking parents or carers. There were 4500 mothers or careers and their children who were asked to participate in the survey, of whom 457 refused to participate, and 243 had an incomplete questionnaire and/or test results. Among 1300 children breastfeed for less than 1 year, 520 had anaemia compared to 500 children with anaemia in the group of 2500 children breastfeed for one year or more (note: these are hypothetical figures only). Answer... or received...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Epidemiology

...) (2000). Encyclopaedia of Epidemiologic Methods. New York: John Willey Epidemiological Associations Gladen, Beth C.(1983) On graphing rate ratios. Am J Epidemiol; 118:905-908. Grimes DA, Schulz KF(2002). Bias and causal associations in observational research. Lancet; 359:248-52. Greenland, Sander(1999). Relation of probability of causation to relative risk and doubling dose: a methodologic error that has become a social problem. Am J Public Health Greenland, Sander(1987). Interpretation and choice of effect measures in epidemiologic analyses. Am J Epidemiol; 128:1181-1184. Greenland, Sander; James M. Robins(1988). Conceptual problems in the definition and interpretation...
14 Pages(3500 words)Assignment

Research Methods for Social Epidemiology

...Research Methods for Social Epidemiology As a science, social epidemiology follows different research methods and employs different techniques whichmeet its scientific needs and research requirements. Observational and experimental methods have different purposes and allow researches to investigate different sides of a problem or a research issue. In epidemiology, observation is the most frequent data-collection method used in qualitative research. Face validity is a low-level estimate of validity, appropriate only as a last resort or when no other validity estimates can be obtained, for three reasons (Beaglehole et al 2007). Observational research involves descriptive and analytical studies. First, participant observation... . Second,...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Research Methods for Social Epidemiology

...Social Epidemiology Social Epidemiology: The Study of the Effect that Social Interaction has on Health s Social Epidemiology 2 Social Epidemiology: The Study of the Effect that Social Interaction has on Health The study of social epidemiology is concerned with the way in which societal interaction and development influences the health of the members of those societies. By combining disciplines such as sociology, economics, biology, anthropology, and demography, cultural risk factors can be assessed for medical challenges within those...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Best Practices on Autism

...and alternative communication. Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 20, 1–21. Tanoue, Y., Oda, S., Asano, F. & Kawashima, K. (1988). Epidemiology of infantile autism in the Southern Ibaraki, Japan. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 18, 155-167. Terzi, Lorella. (2004). The Social Model of Disability: A Philosophical Critique. Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (2), 141–157. doi:10.1111/j.0264-3758.2004.00269.x Walker M. (1978). The Makaton vocabulary. In: Tebbs T, editor. Ways and Means. Basingstoke: Globe Education. WHO. 58 World Health Assembly. 14 April 2005. WHA58.23. pp108. Available from: [Accessed 12 June, 2009]. Wiug, L....
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

ADHD

...processors. “Children with ADHD are sometimes poor spellers, so let them use a spell checker to edit their stories. Wherever possible, let kids use checklists - to assess key elements of their stories during the revision process, to determine whether theyve followed important steps” (Weaver, 1998). Symptoms of AD/HD are easier to recognize now that the disorder has received a lot of attention, and therefore the symptoms are less likely now to be overlooked or written off as irresponsibility. Causes There is likely not a singular cause for AD/HD, but likely it is a combination of genetic, environmental, social, and behavioral factors. Society tends to go one way or another in terms of nature vs....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Epidemiology

...Epidemiology EPIDEMIOLOGY Epidemiology can be defined as the study of determinants and distribution of health related events or states, which also include disease, and the use of this study to control health problems like diseases. Various methods can be utilized to perform epidemiological investigations. For example, descriptive studies and surveillance can be used for the study of distribution; with analytical studies utilized for the study of determinants. Major areas of study are investigation of outbreaks, screening and surveillance of disease, bi monitoring, and comparison of clinical trial treatment effects. The professionals in this field rely on biostatistics,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Epidemiology

...Epidemiology Epidemiology Foodborne illness refers to the illness resulting from consumption of contaminated food, or foodthat with parasites, bacteria and viruses. Such illnesses result from consumption of beverages or food that contains disease causing pathogens. Most of the foodborne illnesses arise from improper handling, storage of preparation of food. Also, foodborne illnesses may result from toxins which affect the environment (Lindell & David, 2001). The consensus by the health community entails advocating for effective protection measures against the spread of foodborne diseases. This entails food safety to ensure monitoring of food to avoid causing foodborne diseases. Therefore, the research...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

How to support an area of personalised learning in the primary classroom Children with ADHD disorder

...secondary school. International Studies in Sociology of Education, 20(2), 153-170. Porter, M. E., & Kramer, M. R., 2006.The link between competitive advantage and corporate social responsibility. Harvard business review, 84(12), 78-92. Rief, S. F., 2012. How to reach and teach children with ADD/ADHD: Practical techniques, strategies, and interventions. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. Robertson , M. M., 2008. The prevalence and epidemiology of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome: Part 1: The epidemiological and prevalence studies. Journal of psychosomatic research, 65(5), 461-462. Sallis, J. F., Owen, N., & Fisher, E. B., 2008. Ecological models of health behavior. Health...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Term Paper on topic Social Epidemiology Of ADHD in the USA for FREE!

Contact Us