Strategies for reducing prejudices Larry Barras Statistics for the Behavioral & Social Sciences PSY 325 Prof Art Talentino STRATEGIES FOR REDUCING PREJUDICES 1. Introduction The aim of this paper is the provision of representative quantitative studies that focus on strategies for the reduction of prejudicial behaviours…
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These people may only exist in the mind of the prejudiced person. Despite the distinct possibility that they have limited similarity or interaction, the prejudiced person puts them together in a category. While all prejudices are attitudes, not all attitudes can be classed as prejudices. Several theories are used to define prejudice. These are cultural, and racial difference theory that focuses on a person’s dislike or fear for those they perceives to be different either culturally or physically. The economic competition theory contends that the competition for jobs and economic rewards gives rise to prejudice. The projection theory contends that persons may attribute motives to others that they are culpable of, but do not willingly express themselves. There are no straightforward solutions to the problems arising from prejudice (Pedersen & Walker, 2007). No strategy will be successful if there is the lack of social and political will. If it is not visible that everyone wishes to reduce prejudice, or that these issues are worth community investment of resources and time, then it will not be successful. It is indeed of note that several sections of society like politicians generally benefit from inter-group hostilities and tensions that are prevalent in their communities. Any perceived attempt to reduce prejudice will be resisted by these sections of society if the community stand either to lose their advantage or even sense that they will lose it (Judith & Meece, 2009). In addition, moral exhortation of society to be good and nice to the other members of society is not enough. Any attempt to portray specific groups as different but nice will not work especially given the recent divisions in society over such issues as terrorism, and immigration. Any successful strategy will need to include political, structural, and social change. Another determinant of success is the articulation of strategies to meet local needs and specificity of these strategies to target particular issues and be aimed at specific sub-populations. The strategies must also not be expectant of instant results since prejudice has been in society for a long time. This paper will expound on all these points. Modern society has been exalted as a tolerant society, which accepts different peoples and cultures and integrates them into their society. However, evidence of prejudice is still prevalent. Aside from being offensive ideologically, it also results in negative effects for the prejudice victim and for society itself. Prejudice destabilises community relations, national unity, social cohesion, decreases productivity and is socially disruptive. It is thus of benefit for all societal groups to eliminate all forms of prejudice, even as some groups stand to lose from this development. Strategies are involved in eliminating or at the very least modifying prejudicial beliefs. Some research, however, indicates the limited effectiveness of these strategies. However, no conclusions can be made until additional studies are done and examined using different theoretical emphases and perspectives. 2. Methods This paper seeks to review peer-reviewed sources that review anti-prejudice strategies. Retrieval of the sources was done by searching educational, sociological, and psychological databases for book chapters and journal articles on the internet that have the word anti-prejudice, antiprejudice, strategy, or strategies published in
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