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The Family is a Type Evolution of a Sociological Institution - Research Paper Example

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RUNNING HEAD: THE FAMILY IS A TYPE EVOLUTION OF A SOCIOLOGICAL INSTITUTION The Family is a Type Evolution of a Sociological Institution School Date The Family is a Type Evolution of a Sociological Institution Introduction The foregoing essay provides expiation of normative ideas about the proper place of the family…
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The Family is a Type Evolution of a Sociological Institution

Download file to see previous pages... s, and the learning capability that comes from reflection (i.e. advertising) (Mead, 2011). Functionalism and the Family The early functionalist (and structuralist-functionalist) logic of sociologist Emile Durkheim (2002) coalesced entirely with the reproductive focus of eugenics policies that emerged between the World Wars. Durkheim’s functionalist perspective marked the introduction of systems application to institutional analysis. According to Functionalist theories, the presence of “roles” is an organic synthesis of basic knowledge and skills translatable to future generations. Considered the vehicle for “moral education” as a concept stems from this model of socialization, or “cohesive social structure.” Functionalism progressed in sociology of the family perspectives as an explanatory model for “why” families functioned how they do, and places this social formation at the center of socialization of children and classificatory site of common sense administration in government. An example is found in the Western eugenics movement that followed this period. Eugenicists and policy makers “took reproduction to define women’s social roles” into the realm of social mandate (Stephan-Leys, p. 12). Early objections by the Catholic Church opposed this movement, however, instigated public argument on control of reproduction in a strong counter discourse determined to leave proprietary decision to the power of God. Sterilization, birth control and abortions were not only illegal, they were considered contrary to the moral development of Western civilization. According to Stephan-Leys (1991), eugenicists sought to develop a negative eugenics of reproduction that would be “compatible with the very real political and other constraints” of society. “Matrimonial eugenics,” first conceptualized amidst the Italian biotypology movement, opened up an avenue for a “Christian view of eugenics” (Stephan-Leys, 1991, p. 103). The family, the site of intervention where the church and state reproductive policies and politics forged their common mission, soon became the main institutional relationship to God and governance. In what both camps understood to be an impending threat posed to the continuity of family virtues, modern capitalism, while necessary, was also a dangerous harbinger of rapid social transformations. In Argentina, Stepan-Leys (1991) argues: “The combination of exhaltation of maternity and control of sexuality seemed to Argentinean eugenists a satisfactory answer to the problem of the disintegration of the family by modernity. Eugenics was to be ‘hogaria y educacion maternologica (the science of the home and the mother); it was to be a rational form of sex education, directed toward subduing the sexual instinct to the eugenic will and toward the remoralization of the family” (p. 121). Moreover, the fact that “biotypology as intertwined with Freudian, Adlerian and other psychological approaches to mental health, a connection that gave psychotherapy in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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