There are three identified major perspectives in sociology that aim to evaluate diverse social phenomena: “the symbolic interactionist perspective, the functionalist perspective, and the conflict perspective…
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There are three identified major perspectives in sociology that aim to evaluate diverse social phenomena: “the symbolic interactionist perspective, the functionalist perspective, and the conflict perspective. These perspectives offer sociologists theoretical paradigms for explaining how society influences people, and vice versa”. The aim of the current essay is to apply two of the three sociological perspectives, particularly the functionalist and the conflict theories in the topic, drug and alcohol abuse among teenagers. The functionalist theory focuses on the interdependence of each aspect of society and a determination of how each aspect is contributory to its effective functioning. The Sociology Guide emphasized that the functionalist approach contends that “order, stability and cooperation in society are based on value consensus that is a general agreement by members of society concerning what is good and worthwhile” . On the other hand, the conflict theory “focuses on the negative, conflicted, and ever-changing nature of society. The conflict model holds that the most important aspect of social order is the domination of some groups by others, that society is best understood as an arena of actual and potential conflict, and that when things look peaceful, it is only because one faction controls or dominates a particular scenario. The conflict perspective to drug and alcohol abuse have been explained in terms of specifically identifying which drugs are illegal and therefore tend to be highly susceptible to abuse. According to Guerrero, “powerful political and business interest groups are able to manipulate our images of drugs and their uses. Heroin, opium, and marijuana were considered legal substances in the late 18th to early 19th centuries; but public opinion and law changed when their use was linked to ethnic minorities and crime” (191). The conflict theory has shown how society has discriminated on women of color with respect to drug abuse. Roberts (1991) has
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Every year, more than 120,000 Americans lose their lives due to alcohol and drugs. The government is forced to allocate more than $294 billion every year in its budget for preventable health care, law enforcement, road accidents, various crimes and loss of output in the economy.
Nearly 8% of teens who drink say they drink at least five or more alcoholic drinks in a row” (Dryden-Edwards and Stoppler 1). Results of another research done in 2007 indicate showed that 45 per cent of the students of high school confessed that they had consumed alcohol and another 26 per cent admitted having experienced binge drinking (Marable).
Generally, abuse of drugs such as alcohol, tobacco and marijuana has remained dominant among the teens but prescription drug abuse has rapidly increased over the last couple of years. Abuse of prescription drugs such as barbiturates, is continuously becoming popular among US teenagers living in today’s fast paced world according to Henn and DeEugenio (11). Prescription drugs though recommended by the doctor may have an effect on the mind and body of the individual.
Individuals with a history of alcoholism or alcohol abuse in the family are also more prone to encounter alcohol-related difficulties (Freeman, 2001). It has been known already that family members of an alcohol abuser are more prone to experience problems from alcohol abuse.
Not only are teenagers abusing illegal drugs, but they are also misusing prescription drugs that have been given to them or to friends or family members by a medical professional. Studies show that one out of every nine teenagers abuses prescription medications (Brisher, 2012) while a staggering 25% have used illicit drugs in the past year (Brisher).
Most interpersonal violence are caused by alcohol consumption and scientist have been concentrating in finding ways of identifying genes that are related to alcoholism to find a permanent cure for alcohol related diseases within the country. Alcohol addicts are always individuals who find themselves drinking for various reasons and in the process develop a habitual habit of drinking alcohol.
The use of drug becomes an epidemic overtime as is evidenced from recent cases of crack use and methamphetamine, which is proof of the grave situation that has befallen people, especially youngsters. Parents are often worried about their teenage children, mainly due to susceptibility to smoking marijuana, cigarettes and such. The anxiousness of parents is only heightened when their children advance to colleges because of the persistent drinking culture attributed to nearly all campuses and hostels.
In the eating disorder literature, there are several available studies examining the prevalence of self-harm behaviour among those with eating disorders. In contrast, in the literature on self-injury, there are several studies that describe the prevalence of comorbid eating disorders as well as provide more speculation on the association between eating disorders and self-harm or self-injury (Favaro & Santonastaso, 2002).
Undeniably, drugs and alcohol use in teenagers is major problem among American youths today. Many students continue to loose their lives, discontinue their education, and become social misfits in our society.The government continue to spend millions of dollars to offer health services to victims of alcohol and drug abuse
Alcohol addicts are always individuals who find themselves drinking for various reasons and in the process develop a habitual habit of drinking alcohol. Excessive consumption of alcohol in most cases pose
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