The Structure and Culture of PrisonOutline Introduction An Overview: History of the Modern Prison Structure in United States The State of Prison System at Present The Prison Culture Violence in Prison Sexuality, Sexual Violence and Sex Culture in Prison Conclusion Introduction The prison culture and structure of the American society includes, crime, which would basically yield a straightforward and literal implication that it is anything against the law, as an important component…
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In this manner, the society has formulated its own law which has its definite social basis on which behaviors must be considered criminal (Comack and Brickey, 1991). Such creation of laws against crime is a pre – requisite for conviction and subsequently housing of the convicted criminal (Viano). In the context of United States, the word ‘jail’ is not synonymous to the term ‘prison’ (Viano). A jail is described as a significant element of the correctional system which is used to capture and confine the sex industry workers, substance abuse offenders, juveniles who are treated as adults, and other persons who have failed to attend it court trials and others (Viano). On the one hand, a prison is defined as a place where to house in a long span of time those convicted of serious crimes (Viano). Meanwhile, the prison culture and structure of United States is an exceptional case for the reason that it imprisons more people compared to any country in the world as it has comprised a one – fourth of the world’s total count of prisoners. ...
Nonetheless, the prison that has been a place which holds most of the origins of disorganization is really not known to many of us. It is a place that has been people’s taken for granted reality. Given this overview, this paper aims to critically discuss and examine the prison culture and structure of the American society. An Overview: History of the Modern Prison Structure in United States According to Wines (1895), it was the case before that the prison was only referred to the detention of no more than religious as well political offenders though this structure of prison has been the mode of repressing and punishing the majority of the crimes today. To know when exactly imprisonment as a punishment of crime has started could not be stated. What is only known is that imprisonment except for the political and religious offenders and debtors was not usual until the middle of 19th century, imprisonment happened to be the standard mode of punishment of crimes in America and Europe as well. In 1921, Barnes discussed the historical background and origins of prison system of the Pennsylvania and Auburn systems of prison administration and how these influence the modern practice of society to repress the criminal behaviors in his “The Historical Origin of the Prison in America.” According to him, in the later 18th and 19th centuries, there were movement of the Europeans with respect to the control of criminal codes and imprisonment. The 18th century marked the period of conversion from corporal punishment to imprisonment. The prison reform has its European origins. However, the scheme of reforming the punishment system of America which had a portion of imitation of the European movement was initiated by the reformers of
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(Prison Culture and Structure Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“Prison Culture and Structure Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1397465-prison-culture-and-structure.
The increasing population of the world has caused an increase in crime rates leading to large correctional staff, severe punishments, and expansion in prison and jail systems. The United States of America being one of the largest countries in the world faces the same problem. The measures to control the criminals should also increase.
They reflect the inmates’ hostile feelings and approach towards the men of the independent world. The methodologies used were case studies, autobiographies of the prisoners, and essays written after interviews of the inmates. Observations recorded the importance of different problems inside the prison society.
Its adoption of allowing cheap labor among the inmates was viable but needs improvement as manufactured goods were seen as shoddy. With the location, training and access to farm, agriculture or industrial means such as machinery and other facilities that aid in the production, prisoners can be made productive, useful, and busy at cheaper costs.
The structural features of any organization tend to be formal in their scope, tend to be inflexible, tend to center around contingencies and are conceptualized and retained through documentation, and to tend to have formally or informally, well defined rewards, punishments and rights that determine the individual or group behavior in that organization (Cunneen, 2008).
....4 Perpetuation and Historical Analysis…………………………………………...4 Big Business in the Criminal Justice System…………………………………...7 The United States as Compared with the Rest of the World……………….…8 Policy Recommendations/Conclusion………………………………………….
Children in their early teenage years commit crimes without their knowledge as they go through their challenging adolescent stage. This is normally motivated by peer pressure whereby the deviant teenagers lure their friends to commit crimes in the name of having thrilling fun in their neighborhoods.
Scott defines organizational structure as “the set of features that arises as a result of the efforts within the organization to differentiate the labor; and coordinate and control the work” (as cited in Johnson, 1995, p.11). Evidently, organizational structure can greatly influence the way an organization operates and its market success.
The Stanford Prison Experiment was an official study conducted in 1971 on the campus of Stan-ford University. The experiment itself was completed by a team researchers, all under the direction of Philip Zimbardo. It was aimed to better understand the psychological effects of becoming either a prisoner or prison guard.
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