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How Can the UK Correctional Institutions Help Young Criminals - Literature review Example

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The aim of this review “How Can Correctional Institutions Help Young Criminals” is to scan published scientific research and portray juvenile correction institutions, summarizing the impact of institutionalization of the juvenile delinquent within any juvenile correctional institution in the UK.  
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How Can the UK Correctional Institutions Help Young Criminals
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Download file to see previous pages Luisa Dillner reports in her 1992 paper for the British Medical Journal that young offenders are more prone to suicidal tendencies than the control group.  The report was based on the internal records of the Young Offender Institution in Feltham, United Kingdom and draws conclusions from statistics found therein.  The institute housed 500 prisoners in remand and 304 convicted ones. All inmates were below the age of 21. In a span of ten months, between August-1991 and June-1992, four inmates hung themselves.  Where to place the blame?  The following facts might give the answer (Dillner, 1992).
The remand prisoners were forced to spend more than 80 % of their time inside the cell.  New entrants to the facility found it difficult to socialize due to bullying by the older inmates.  Most prisoners were in a state of "anxiety and vulnerability" due to the alien nature of their dwelling and their separation from family members.  The techniques used by the Feltham staff to control and restrain these juvenile offenders were deemed extremely harsh.  On top of all this, the inmate health care system was found to be inefficient. The prison staffs were found to be lack morale and motivation to perform their duties.  So, the suicides of 4 of these prisoners are attributable to conditions existing within the confines of the facility (Dillner, 1992).
Sadly, the above case was not a one-off.  They represent the general state of correctional institutions across Britain.  A report released by a reliable human rights group Helsinki Watch supports this assertion.  Overall, correction centers in Britain were found to be inadequate in providing its inhabitants with necessary support. Of course, this was the state of affairs in 1992.  How much progress has been made ever since?  We shall find out. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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