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The Problem of Gods Prescience - Coursework Example

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This work called "The Problem of God’s Prescience" focuses on the concept of free will, the omniscience of God, Boethius’s ideologies. The author outlines the principle of cognition used by Boethius, the paradigm of necessity, the aspects of philosophy. …
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The Problem of Gods Prescience
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Download file to see previous pages The conflict hence forms the basic premise of the Problem. God as the master of all things tangible and intangible is assumed to know incomprehensible details about human life and the course it will take. As such, His knowledge about a particular event precedes the event itself, thereby exemplifying his unique ability to know the future. This belief in God’s ubiquitousness forms one of the core foundations of his Divinity across the board of religions, whether the one in question is Christianity, Judaism or Islam. The Bible, Torah, and the Quran all repeatedly assert His pervasiveness carefully contrasting it with His limitless power. The masses of religions preach the notion that God is to be found everywhere at all times and no thought or eventuality escapes His gaze. Superficially, this ideology is readily admissible but when theologians venture to expound their gifts of insight onto the subject, striving to explain the Divine Knowledge, the one immediate problem they tend to notice is the apparent conflict with free will.
This is because the concept of free will indicates that every human is capable of altering the course of his life as he deems fit by exercising discretionary powers of judgment. If God is to possess all knowledge of all time, this discretion may not in actuality exist, since God would already know the direction a particular individual would be expected to take. If the individual’s future is already preconceived in God’s eternal knowledge, the individual’s course of action could simply be labeled predetermined, even though he in his own right may be employing the gift of free will. This notion forms what has come to be known as the Problem of God’s Prescience.
Boethius in his Consolation of Philosophy sought to answer the very questions that formed the crux of the problem. Firstly, it must be elucidated that incidents are historically conceived by philosophers to be of two kinds, necessary and contingent. God’s omniscience pertains to all knowledge that exists in the world, including the murkiest of thoughts that originate in a person’s mind. Hence, any thought, if formulated by a conscious course of justice in a person’s mind, should be deemed contingent. It is contingent because it is not necessary for a person to think a certain thought, as his free will allows him to develop a unique mindset, but if God already knows what his mindset would be, that contingent thought could become a necessary course of action for the person to take, as not taking that course of action would render God’s knowledge flawed. If it is assumed that God already knows the thought that is about to transpire, its contingency is made redundant. This, in essence, negates free will and converts seemingly contingent occurrences into necessary occurrences since God already knows of their presence. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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