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Theology - Book Report/Review Example

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Then Jesus beholding him loved him, and said unto him, One thing thou lackest: go thy way, sell whatsoever thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, take up the cross, and follow me (Mark 10:21).
And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself, and come down from the cross…
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Download file to see previous pages We can use these external similarities to clarify meanings of basic sentences, from A to D. Also, we can expand these sentences, i.e. analyse their context within Mark's gospel to explain conception of the cross. Here, verse A is taken from the teachings of Jesus to his disciples by the way into the towns of Caesarea Philippi (Mark 8:27f & 9:1). Verse B is related to indoctrination about inheritance of eternal life in the way to Jerusalem (Mark 10:17-31). Verses C & D are taken from descriptions of procession upon Golgotha and of Christ's crucifixion (Mark 15:15-39). In fact, gospel's context is essential for interpretation of the cross appearances, both verbal and factual.
Why we categorize five basic sentences into two groups given above Such dividing reflects two levels of appearance of the cross in Mark's gospel, namely symbolical (sentences A & B) and historical (sentences C & D). We will show that these levels are strongly interconnected within Mark's gospel. Moreover, it seems that links between these levels of meaning can elucidate theological role of the cross, i.e. give answers to some of following questions. What is the cross What it means for Christ What it means for apostles, for first Christians Is here something hidden How to connect conception of the cross with other ideas of Christianity What about relations of the cross with Christian practice
All these questions are intensively disputable in theological sense, e.g. see classical works of Clow (1911), Storr (1919), Dillistone (1953), and Knox (1958). Most of them are concentrated similarly upon interrelations of the historical cross and symbolical cross, with parallels to fate and sacrifice conceptions.
So, what we know about symbolical cross This cross is mentioned twice in Mark's narration of Jesus' teachings; see verses A & B above. At first glance verse A is simply reduction of verse B which follows from contexts of these sentences. Undoubtedly, in both cases Jesus talks about the same cross, symbolic cross of Christian moral imperative and Christian self-sacrifice.
Let us analyze verse A. At first, Jesus says 'Whosoever will come after me'. These words can mean that the cross is intended for every Christian, i.e. that the cross is universal attribute for believing Christian. Of course, this is not historical cross of crucifixion, but allegorical. This allegorical cross became real (but yet ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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