Shakuntala is a pouplar play written in mix of Sanskrit and the Maharashtri Prakrita , a dialect of Sanskrit , by Kalidasa. Although, the exact date has not yet been confirmed, it is believed to be dated back to a period between the 1st century BC and 4th century AD. The Shakuntala is generally taken to be the finest example of a rasa drama in Classical Sanskrit literature. Here the relation of plot-structure to rasa is explored, and an attempt is made to show that the Indian theory of plot, often overlooked or regarded as a mechanical formula, is a carefully crafted complement to the rasa theory, of great help in the interpretation of dramatic works.Like all classical Sanskrit plays, Shakuntala begins with an invocation to a god and a prologue. Rather than attempt to draw the audience into an emotionally realistic situation, this dramatic tradition insists on its artificiality. The effects achieved by classical Sanskrit drama depend on skillful, disciplined performance, on the one hand, and on well-versed audiences, on the other. Theatrical presentation relied almost exclusively on royal patronage: audiences comprised small groups of the educated elite, perhaps two hundred persons at a time, collected in a special room in a palace. Classical actors perfected a physical code of eye movements, hand gestures, danced postures, and the like, so that each member of the audience could appreciate the finesse of their execution. Every finger had to be held in a carefully rehearsed way, since it
was a sign of a certain emotion or state of being. This is a most elegant art form.