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Communitarian and Cosmopolitan Approaches to Questions of Justice - Literature review Example

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This paper "Communitarian and Cosmopolitan Approaches to Questions of Justice" discusses justice in a global society that may be classified into two perspectives. One is from the perspective of states or Communitarian justice and the other is from the perspective of Cosmopolitan Justice…
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Communitarian and Cosmopolitan Approaches to Questions of Justice
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Download file to see previous pages Cosmopolitan/Communitarian divide relates to a dispute on whether or not the state or the species stand in for the limit of human society. In Campbell’s distinguished definition, he explained justice as “like the pre-original, anarchic relation to the other, and akin to the undecidable. It represents the domain of the impossible and the unrepresentable that lies outside and beyond the limit of the possible and the representable.” (1994, p. 472)

In general, there are two contrasting positions in understanding international justice and intervention. In its universal sense, the two perspectives can be distinguished as a particularist and universalist. One perceives in a state-centric manner while the other caters to a global standpoint in dealing with international justice.

“Cosmopolitanism is concerned to disclose the ethical, cultural, and legal basis of the political order in a world where political communities and state matter, but not only and exclusively” (Held 2005, p. 10) Cosmopolitans believe that ‘reason’ governs the principle of human interaction. They cater to the perspective that all human beings share the ability and competence for a reason. On justice, Cosmopolitanism “opposes any view which holds, as a matter of principle, that the norms of justice apply primarily within bounded groups comprising some subset of the global population.”(Scheffler, p.112)

On the other hand, communitarians take on cultural authenticity and identity as the one overriding the principle of human interaction. They consider the plurality of overlapping cultures with diverse standards as the foundation of this interaction. Unlike cosmopolitans, communitarians are particularists and have been adjusted to the belief of shared community life. These two diverse positions of cosmopolitan and communitarian thoughts stem from the perception of morality of self and of human agency that emphasizes both the liberal and communitarian concepts respectively. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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