Nobody downloaded yet

Theoretical review in optical materials used in Concentrating Photovoltanic (CPV) Technology - Dissertation Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Solar cells produce electrical current in direct proportion to the amount of solar radiation falling on them. By increasing the intensity of solar radiation, it is possible to significantly increase the efficiency of electricity production by these cells…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.6% of users find it useful
Theoretical review in optical materials used in Concentrating Photovoltanic (CPV) Technology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Theoretical review in optical materials used in Concentrating Photovoltanic (CPV) Technology"

Download file to see previous pages Photovoltaic cells have been widely in use for the production of electricity from solar energy. However, they have high production costs because of which the cost of photovoltaic electricity is high, causing difficulties in their widespread use and market penetration (Swanson, 2000). One approach through which this drawback can be minimized is the use of solar concentrators that can increase solar irradiation per unit area of the solar cells, thereby resulting in increased electricity production per unit area of the receiver (Abdul-Rahman & Wang, 2010). Apart from increasing the electricity efficiency of the photovoltaic solar cells, the use of solar concentrators can also help in decreasing the area required for a given amount of output. Concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) technology uses optical components as solar concentrators. This technology is economically advantageous as it helps in decreasing the cost of solar electricity by using optical material that is less expensive than photovoltaic cells, resulting in the need for lesser number of solar cells for the same electrical output. Thus, in simpler words, the goal of CPV technology is to “reduce the cost of electricity generated by replacing expensive PV converter area with less expensive optical material” (Swanson, 2003, p. 449). ...
ectric Fresnel lenses, other types of solar concentrators include dish concentrators, compound parabolic concentrators, and reflectors (Brogren, 2004). As the present study aims at modeling optical parameters for optimum collection of concentrated solar radiation for photovoltaic devices, this theoretical review will focus on the different types of optical materials used in CPV technology. Apart from providing a brief overview of the types of solar concentrators, their optics, and the types of optical materials used, this review will also elaborate the optical and physical properties of optical materials, especially glass and polymeric materials such as poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), which are relevant to the present study. 2.2. Solar Concentrators & Their Types Solar concentrators are of various types depending on the type of optics employed, the concentration ratio, the number of axes for tracking the sun, etc. Fig. 2.2. Schematic representation of solar concentrator, radiation intercepted by the aperture area, A1, falls on the receiver area, A2 (Brogren, 2004, p. 41). The figure 2.2 above shows the diagrammatic representation of a solar concentrator that concentrates solar radiation spread over a wider aperture area, A1, over a smaller receiver area, A2. 2.2.1. Concentration Ratio The geometric concentration ratio of a given concentrating system is the ratio of the concentrator aperture area and area over which the radiation is concentrated. It is given by the following equation: Cg = A1/A2, where, Cg = geometric concentration ratio, A1 = “aperture area of concentrator”, and A2= “area onto which the radiation is concentrated” (Brogren, 2004). For solar concentrators, the geometric concentration ratio is defined as “the area of the primary lens or ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Theoretical review in optical materials used in Concentrating Dissertation”, n.d.)
Theoretical review in optical materials used in Concentrating Dissertation. Retrieved from
(Theoretical Review in Optical Materials Used in Concentrating Dissertation)
Theoretical Review in Optical Materials Used in Concentrating Dissertation.
“Theoretical Review in Optical Materials Used in Concentrating Dissertation”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
adamssusie added comment 4 months ago
Student rated this paper as
This paper saved me today. I liked the structure. It was very useful for my physics course.
Genetic technology
...such a question implies that genetic technology confronts us with moral judgment and moral actions, such as the existential understanding of oneself as a person and as an equal member of the human species. These fundamental arguments might be the reason why an agreeable standard of regulation and guidelines of research in genetic technology have not been formulated. Chapter 1 The Science and Application of Genetic Testing “It has not escaped our notice that the specific pairing we have postulated immediately suggests a possible copying mechanism for the genetic material” ~ Watson & Crick (1953) Introduction This chapter introduces a brief account of how the science of molecular...
99 Pages(24750 words)Dissertation
Modelling of optical parameters for optimum collection of concentrated solar radiation for photovoltaic devices
..., the receiving solar cells. Figure 1b shows a parabolic cylinder concentrator which forms the linear image of the sun and passes it on to the receiving solar cells. Figure 1 (a and b) A photovoltaic concentrator SOURCE: Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering (Luque & Hegedus, 2011) 1.1 Definition and evolution of Photovoltaic Concentrators Concentration photovoltaic technology and terrestrial photovoltaic came about almost at the same time. The first to emerge in the scene was the PV cells but since they were so expensive to produce and maintain, the idea of using optical elements became popular to substitute the PV...
15 Pages(3750 words)Dissertation
Investigation and previous work on optical and thermal measurements in transparent materials
...). Aluminum is used in reflectors for applications in solar concentrators to be used in concentrating photovoltaic technology and so, their thermo-optical properties are of significant interest for optimum design of solar concentrator devices. 3.6. Conclusion The study of thermo-optic properties of optical and transparent materials is vital in order to appropriately use them in solar and other applications. This chapter discussed the optical and thermal measurements of transparent materials as well as aluminum metal. The...
16 Pages(4000 words)Dissertation
Physical properties of transparent optical polymers
...polymers can be altered by blending two or more polymers. For instance, studies by Kohlman (1992) have investigated the superior properties of blends of polycarbonate and polysufonate polymers for their application as transparent eye armor. 5.4. Conclusion This chapter compared the optical, thermal and mechanical properties of various transparent optical polymers that can be used in optical systems for optical focusing. These materials find intensive use in the field of concentrator photovoltaic technology. In this era, photovoltaic manufacturing is focusing on large-scale setups with higher...
14 Pages(3500 words)Dissertation
Literature review
...?LITERATURE REVIEW This article seeks to establish the numerous methods used in analysing structural health and identify relevant damages to structures. The methods discussed are commonly utilised in analysing the presence of cracks, corrosion damage or dents in aluminium material structures. The available methods include wave based, Lamb waves, PZT and 3D laser vibrometer, utilised in ascertaining presence of damages within aluminium structures. These could be identified as the major methods used in structural monitoring of aluminium structures (Balageas, et al., 2006). Table of figures Figure 1 Evolution of materials used in structure...
14 Pages(3500 words)Dissertation
'A literature review to investigate the effectiveness of external beam radiotherapy when used as an adjuvant therapy to treat pr
...? BSc (Hons) Diagnostic Radiography “The Effectiveness of External Beam Radiotherapy When Used As An Adjuvant Therapy to Treat Pro Cancer” Submitted in accordance with the requirements of the University February 2011 Word Count: 10,000 CONTENTS 2.1. Title page…………………………………………............1 2.2. Signed statement…………………………………….......3 2.3 Abstract………………………………….........................4 2.4 Acknowledgements……………………………………..5 2.5 Glossary………………………………….........................6 2.6 Chapter One - Introduction……………………............7 2.7 Chapter Two - Literature review…………………….10 2.8 Chapter Three - Methodology………………………..16 2.9 Chapter Four - Results……………………………….22 2.10 Chapter Five – Discussion…………………………….28 2.11 Chapter Six...
40 Pages(10000 words)Dissertation
Talent Development and Capability in Sunny Optical
...?Case Study: Talent Development and Capability in Sunny Optical Executive Summary SUNNY Optical (SO) an optical business, began in Taiwan, as a smallbusiness in 1956 but over the years had emerged as a major multinational force. By 2007, SO emerged as China’s largest retailer in optical products, with 610 retail outlets in Taiwan and 1118 outlets staffed by 7700 employees in China’s major cities. The business was family-owned by maintained a flat organizational system, managed by a CEO, a CFO and COO together with department heads. Together these department heads and senior managers convened weekly and staff briefings were conducted monthly. CEO John Wu believed in transparency and...
6 Pages(1500 words)Dissertation
Theoretical Perspective
...?Theoretical Perspective Na chnology has the promise of introducing fundamental change the way humans live. The implications of na chnology useare multifaceted and profound, for which reason research on the practical applications of this technology should properly look to a number of theoretical frameworks through which the issues should be viewed. Disruptive Technology Every once in a while, technological developments have such an impact on peoples’ lifestyles that they redefine society and its culture. Nanotechnology appears to be one such technological development (Lok, 2010; Lucas, 2012). Disruptive technology is a term that...
3 Pages(750 words)Dissertation
Conceptual Theoretical Frameworks
... and distribution. In S.S.Stewart (Ed.), Commuter students: Enhancing their educational experiences (pp. 3-8). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Stahl, V.V., & Pavel, D.M. (1992). Assessing the Bean and Metzner model with community college student data. San Francisco, CA: American Educational Research Association. Terenzini, P.T. (1987). A review of selected theoretical models of student development and collegiate impact. Baltimore, Maryland: Association for the Study of Higher Education. Tinto, V. (1975). Dropout from higher education. A theoretical synthesis of recent research. Review of Educational Research, 45 (1), 89-125.... ? Conceptual Theoretical Frameworks Conceptual Theoretical Frameworks The two conceptual...
3 Pages(750 words)Dissertation
Liquid Level Detection by Using Optical Sensors in Riyadh Wastewater Treatment Station
.... The proposed solution has been applied compared with ultrasonic sensor which is used at the station to find out the ideal sensors for this application. Experimental studies to improve measurement accuracy and sensitivity have been investigated and analysed. Aims: To develop the liquid level detection system in a wastewater treatment stations by using optical sensors. Objectives: - To undertake the identification of the wastewater treatment station through the literature review. - To understand the principle of liquid level detection and the importance. - General view about some techniques to detect the liquid level especially non-contact ultrasonic...
33 Pages(8250 words)Dissertation
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Dissertation on topic Theoretical review in optical materials used in Concentrating Photovoltanic (CPV) Technology for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us