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Issues of Moral Philosophy - Assignment Example

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This paper "Issues of Moral Philosophy" discusses Hobbes’s ethics that implies that man is afraid and in this extreme sense of fear, a man sees and heeds the call of the reason for peace. The problem with this is that Hobbes has confused fear of sudden death to a conceptual fear of sudden death…
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Issues of Moral Philosophy
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Download file to see previous pages After the stimulus of the sensation has passed, there will remain a fleeting image or “fading relics of sensation” (Oakeshott, 1981: 249); these fading relics of sensation are called images or ideas. When we become conscious of images, it is called imagination. And when we try to recollect these images it is called memory. Being such, the whole gamut of human experience is made up of his/her entire memories. The succession of images in the mind is called mental discourse and it may be haphazard or regulated. Prudence is the recollection of past memories combined with present experience, thereby allowing human persons to associate, predict or anticipate others or even events. In this sense, prudence is natural wisdom and all of these taken together are part of man’s receptive powers. Their cause is sensation and they are nothing other than movements in the brain (Leviathan, chaps i – iii).

But man also has active powers and these are his emotions or passions. These movements are called voluntary to distinguish it from involuntary movements in the body such as blood circulation. It is voluntary because it is man’s response to an idea or image. Thus, active powers arise from man’s imagination. When the images wherein persons provide a voluntary response are not sifted, it is referred to as endeavor. When the voluntary movement is towards the object it is desire or appetite but when it is away from the object, it is hate or aversion. Love is what a person desires and hate is what he avers from. Anything that a man loves he considers it as good and anything that he hates he considers it as evil. Being such, there is nothing intrinsically evil or good, but evil and good depends upon man’s valuation of the object. Pleasure is an image in the mind accompanied by what is held to be good and pain is an image in the mind accompanied by what is deemed evil. The succession of emotions in the mind is deliberation, the end of which is will. The success in getting what one desires is felicity and the means with which one attains success in achieving desire is man’s power, thus, power is the condition for felicity and felicity is the highest good(Leviathan, chaps vi – ix). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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