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The Philosophy and Theories of John Locke - Term Paper Example

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"The Philosophy and Theories of John Locke" paper focuses on an outstanding thinker, an Oxford scholar, medical researcher and physician, one of the great philosophers of the 17th century, John Locke who believed that the function of the government is to preserve and regulate property.  …
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The Philosophy and Theories of John Locke
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Download file to see previous pages The ‘state of nature’ according to social contract theory describes the hypothetical condition of humanity before the state’s foundation and its monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force (Wikipedia). The 17th and 18th-century thinkers believed that whatever good things one had in the ‘state of nature’ should not be lost when one entered into society. They even evaluated the government based on this condition. The citizens of New Orleans like everyone else had been living in the ‘state of nature’ and hence their sentiments and revolt against the government is natural when their expectations have not been met. Locke believed that in the state of nature, men mostly kept their promises. The American frontier is an example of people in the state of nature where property rights and for the most part, peace existed (James, n.d.). He believed that the state of nature was good. People are in a state of nature when it is socially acceptable to punish for wrongdoings against you. Hence, if the government could not do as much for the people as they did for themselves in the state of nature, the government could be invalidated. People have a right to rebel against a tyranny that the government in New Orleans is doing.

God created man and since man cannot live alone, due to convenience, necessity and inclination society too was created (Locke, 1690, Ch7 §77). The man was also bestowed with the power not only to preserve his property but also to take action against any breach of the law as the offense deserves. An informal community forms within the society in which the men live and this community undertakes to resolve differences that may occur between members of the society. United under one body, they deal with controversies and punish offenders. Locke believed that men should not surrender to a common power because in doing so we surrendered our rights to ourselves in return for impartial justice. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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