Nobody downloaded yet

The Philosophies of Enlightenment - Term Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
This paper discusses the Enlightenment period where the thought that reason is the ultimate source of knowledge and truth. The paper analyses the move from rationalism put most prominent Enlightenment philosophers, like John Locke and David Hume…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.6% of users find it useful
The Philosophies of Enlightenment
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Philosophies of Enlightenment"

Download file to see previous pages Instead of accepting religious principles as the rationalists defended them with deduction and pure reason, philosophers began to question anything that could not be ascertained with the senses. As a result, Christianity was adversely impacted by a wave of political secularization throughout Western Europe. Writers reviewed the integration of the Church and the State, moved to create a new democratic model of society, and in doing so changed the political future of the Western world.
The Enlightenment saw the creation of two approaches to religion in this period, after the rise of the empirical school of epistemology. On one hand, many thinkers adopted rational supernaturalism, which refers to the belief that Christian revelation could still be rationally defended. This can be reasoned by thinking of revelation as beyond the realm of rationality. These thinkers argued that miracles, as they are presented in the Bible, indicate the existence of divinity like the Judeo-Christian God, but that reason and rational thinking are the only way one can come to believe in their existence and in their source (Lewis). Like other Christians, the rational supernaturalists believed several divine moral sanctions and divine principles could be produced from understanding revelation.
On the other hand, some more radical thinkers took up a position known as deism, which argues that after God created the universe, his involvement in human affairs has been minimal. Deists were generally hostile to the belief that revelation was beyond reason, and attributed most, if not all, of Christianity’s problems (as “superstitions”) on the belief that revelation reveals any essential doctrine about God. These changing attitudes coincide with shifts in the realm of science as well, with the start of a “scientific revolution” around this period focusing mainly on discoveries in the physical and astronomical sciences (Lewis).   ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The Philosophies of Enlightenment Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words”, n.d.)
The Philosophies of Enlightenment Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words. Retrieved from
(The Philosophies of Enlightenment Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words)
The Philosophies of Enlightenment Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words.
“The Philosophies of Enlightenment Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Philosophies of Enlightenment

Enlightenment the family financial system at the age of six. On the farmhouse women's labor was slightly valued, and women nearly always left residence from the ages of eleven to fourteen to either labor on another ranch or become a servant in a home. Women were made virtual slaves as they were regarded far more mediocre than men, who essentially got the superior education. Enlightenment academics also supposed that the different intellectual subjects including knowledge and philosophy were destined only for men. Thus, whilst men were learning the novel sciences and philosophies, women only got decorative accomplishments education. Those times were morally wrong since the...
17 Pages(4250 words)Essay

The Religious, Political, and Social Philosophies during the Enlightenment and Puritan Period

.... People started to change their views about the making and survival of universe. The political, social and religious philosophies changed a lot in the puritan and enlightenment period. The people in the puritan period thought in a very different way than that of enlightenment period. (Kizer) Religion played an important role in Puritan life. They thought that they were preferred by God for a unique reason and that they must live their life in a righteous manner. Everyone was expected to be present at the meeting on the Sabbath. The ones not reading the bible were thought to be with the devil. All the preparations of this occasion were made before the occasion. The Sabbath began at...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay


...on religious ideals. They did, however, concur on the matter of religious freedom. In addition, both pietists and rationalists felt they were outside the mainstream; both feared persecution and acknowledged the blatant, historic abuses propagated by religious institutions. Interestingly, both movements, each considered radical for the time period, were considered similarly threatening to the state and church institutions which had an interest in maintaining the status quo. (Lewis, 1992). A few of the more progressive members of the clergy tolerated ideas born of the Enlightenment, a few even embraced many of the base philosophies. Unfortunately for the movement, various factions involved with the French...
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper


...of his admiration and commitment to the work and philosophy of Isaac Newton, containing reference to his theory of gravity, and how its power and truth was accepted through reason, not legislation. Newton is a seeker after the truth whose findings could not be overturned. Newton took Galileo's work and and astrological studies of his time, defined natural laws, and presented incontrovertible truths. Scientific research, experimentation, sharing the knowledge, were all aspects of the man whose thinking Jefferson admired. His remarks regarding Newton prove he is reflecting Enlightenment thinking and values. There is a connection between Jefferson's own religious beliefs and the upsurge of Natural...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...Enlightenment versus Modernist The enlightenment age’s view of reality was one of self reasoning. The age of enlightenment was prior to the modernist age in the early to middle 18th century. During this time individuals reasoned out problems, art, literature, and science based on logical reasoning. The modernist thought was based more on self interpretation. For example, a bird was a bird to an individual in the enlightenment age, but to a modernist the bird could stand for freedom. The enlightenment movement based reality on facts, whereas the modernist based reality on personal feeling. Three modernists, Nietzsche, Freud, and Kafla, will show how personal feeling or interpretation dictated the modernist period in contrast... to an...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


...Enlightenment According to Immanuel Kant, “Enlightenment is mans emergence from his self-imposed immaturity” (Immanuel Kant). It is a fact that people may get more matured as time goes on because of the various life experiences they may get during their life span. In fact experience is the best teacher for a person. Some people may attain maturity without any help from others whereas some others need help from others for attaining maturity. In other words, maturity can be self-developed or self-imposed as well as developed with the help of others. When a person shows courage to demonstrate his understandings in front of others, he can be labeled as an enlightened person. In other words, a...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


...Enlightenment Enlightenment Mans emergence from his self-imposed immaturity is described as enlightenment with immaturity defined asthe inability to use one’s own understanding without the other guidance. When immaturity is self-imposed, it causes lies, not in the lack of understanding but in indecision and lack of courage to use, ones mind without the other guidance. Having the courage to engage ones own understanding is the motto for enlightenment. When immaturity becomes mans nature, it is difficult for such a man to work out of such a situation. He becomes accustomed to this state and is incapable of using his own understanding for not a person has ever given him such...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay


...Enlightenment Both Frederic II and Joseph II were great leaders who championed significant reforms during their period of leadership. Frederic II was a king in Prussia, which belonged to the Hohenzollern dynasty in the period between 1740 and 1786. Similarly, Joseph II was a ruler in Hasburg lands during the period between 1765 and 1790. In this regard, this essay will highlight the significant reforms initiated by the two leaders that had great impact on the society. To start with, Frederic II initiated significant administrative, social and economical reforms in Prussia. Firstly, Frederic II promoted enlightened absolutism where rulers were encouraged to make decisions based on...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay


...(GPF, 2015). Aspects such as tourism and trade have also been advanced through globalization hence having a special place in The Enlightenment. Different philosophies and theories have been developed to explain and critic The Enlightenment. New researchers continue to use the works of earlier historians and philosophers to explain different phenomena associated with The Enlightenment. Controversies have also arisen in terms of the role played by nature and the human mind in Enlightenment. Religious doctrines have also been used to explain different historical issues that are of concern. Different theories relate to different principles hence creating a...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

The Architectural Style of Neoclassicism

... The architectural style of Neo icism The architectural style of Neo icism is a product of the neo ical movement that evolved in the in 18th century. Its impact, however, became significant in 1780s in France under the reign of Jacques-Louis David. The development of the style was as a result of the adherents of Neoclassicism movement, Jacques-Louis David and Jean-François-Pierre Peyron, advocating sharp primary colors as well as bold symmetrical lines that were common in the architectural of ancient Greece. The impacts of neoclassical architecture were apparent in Habana Jieva and later advanced to the westward in the mid-1800s. Neoclassical style had a significant impact on the Western culture. The style is typified in most... The...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Term Paper on topic The Philosophies of Enlightenment for FREE!

Contact Us