Introduction The mechanical heart was introduced as a means of providing a bridge leading up to a heart transplant. At times when there were patients who were awaiting a heart transplant, the mechanical heart would be substituted for a time, until a heart would become available or a matching donor had been found…
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It is for these reasons that the mechanical heart was developed, to perform the pumping functions of a normal heart, because without this normal pumping function, serious heart failure or death would be the end result. Heart disease can be treated by medicine; it is at this point, when patients undergo surgeries such as coronary artery bypass surgery, beating heart surgery (both MIDCAB and OPCAB) or minimal endoscopic vein harvesting, TMR, minimally invasive valve surgery, endovascular aortic aneurysm repair, endoscopic radial artery harvesting, minimally invasive varicose vein surgery or a heart transplant is needed, as a few more years are added to a patient’s life. In 1998, approximately thirty percent of the patients suffering from heart disease opted for a transplant. The artificial as well as the mechanical hearts play a crucial role in assisting these patients.
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