Preventing the Spread of Clostridium difficile through Systems Change: Improving Hand Hygiene Name Institution Course Professor Date Abstract C. difficile accounts for 20% -30% of cases of antibiotic-associated diarrhea and is the most commonly recognized cause of infectious diarrhea in healthcare facilities…
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Hand washing (soap washing and water), contact precaution and meticulous environmental cleaning with an EPA-registered disinfectant are productive in preventing the spread of the organism (McFarland et al. 2004). Hand hygiene combined with other measures such as sanitizing hospital units, judicious antibiotic use can improve infection rates. Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) a gram positive anaerobic bacillus that is closely related to the one that causes tetanus and butalism is associated with gastrointestinal infection, diarrhea and pseudo membranous colitis. C. difficile generally afflicts older hospitalized patients treated with antibiotic drugs. It has two forms, an active, form that is virulent and infectious, and inactive form which is called a spore, is not infectious. Spores can change into the active, infectious form inside the host body. Active forms do not survive for a longer period in the environment contrary to the inactive spores which can survive in the environment for a prolonged period. C. difficile accounts for 20% -30% of cases of antibiotic-associated diarrhea and is the most commonly recognized cause of infectious diarrhea in healthcare facilities (Bartlett 2002). Annually the excess hospital costs due to its infection in the US are estimated to be $3.2 billion for the years 2000–2002 (O’Brien et al. 2007).
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A COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS OF MILITARY PAY SYSTEMS A. INTRODUCTION a. PROBLEM STATEMENT b. RESEARCH RATIONALE c. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES d. RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS e. SUMMARY f. LITERATURE REVIEW g. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY h. PARTICIPANTS i. RESEARCH DESIGN j. INSTRUMENTATION AND DATA COLLECTION PLAN k.
Although CDD is also responsible for nosocomial outbursts of diarrhoea as well as colitis, antibiotic associated diarrhoea (ADD) is partially featured as inconsistency of intestinal microflora. The spread of Clostridium infection and its prevention is the major concern to check amplification of nosocomial infections, as most of the out breaks are accredited to Cl.
difficile) is “a gram-positive, spore forming anaerobic bacillus” that causes nosoconial diarrhea and pseudomembranous colitis1 each time toxins A and B are released in the human intestinal tract (Giesemann, Egerer, Jank, & Aktories, 2008; Cookson, 2007; Hecht, 2003, p.
Clostridium difficile generally afflicts older hospitalized patients treated with antibiotic drugs. It has two forms: an active form that is virulent and infectious, and inactive form, which is called a spore, is not infectious. Spores can change into the active, infectious form inside the host body.
504). As a result, organizations are constantly being forced to adapt to new strategies that aim to keep them relevant and competitive. As a result, the best way to initiate changes and ensure organization navigate well in the dynamic environment is what perplex many managers of different organization.
In addition, it should be able to cater for mitigation steps that should be taken when the supply chain is interrupted by unforeseen economic or political factors in and outside the organization control (Lambert, 2008). Indeed, a closer investigation in many of the difficulties faced by organizations reveals that the supply chain is negatively affected by the internal decisions and culture.
Bullying is difficult to detect, because it usually covers other deeds - such as domestic violence, various abuses or personality disorders. Sometimes counselors and teachers did not notice school bullying or in attempt to help the victims complicate the matter and victims stop reporting it.
change may be influenced by the need of an organization to survive in its environment or opportunistic view of an organization to grow within its environment. In most cases, the latter serves the purpose of change, seeing an organization get a boost against its competitors.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Proposal
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