We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Research Paper Example

Comments (0)
Drug Addiction Katherine Mooney Liberty University Abstract Drug addiction engages instinctively seeking to employ a substance, despite of the latent negative physical, social and psychological consequences. It may be categorized as a chronic relapsing illness…
Download full paper

Extract of sample

Download file to see previous pages... It will help in the employment of most effective treatments for rehabilitation of drug abusers. Keywords: Drugs, drug addiction, drug abusers, stress, relapse, reward. Drug Addiction The word “addiction” is derived from the “addicere” (a Latin verb), to bind or give an individual to one thing or another. It is generally employed in the field of drug to refer to compulsive, uncontrollable, or chronic drug use, to the level that an individual (an addict) may continue the drug forever. It typically implies a strong physical and psychological dependence that results in a withdrawal syndrome on ceasing the drug administration. Drug addiction entails instinctive search to utilize a substance, in spite of the latent negative psychological, physical and social consequences (Brown, 2003). The drug intake generates satisfaction and an intuitive drive that necessitates continuous or periodic drug to avoid the anxiety and distress and provide pleasure (Moal and Koob, 2007). Types of Drug use Recent analyses have focused on the following three kinds of drug use (1) Controlled, occasional, or social use. (2) Abusive or harmful use, and (3) Drug addiction. Clinically, the irregular but controlled exposure to a sedative drug is different from excessive drug use, lacking control over restraining drug intake, and the appearance of chronic obsessive drug-seeking that portrays addiction. One of the fundamental objectives of recent neurobiological research on addiction is to comprehend the neuroadaptive and neuropharmacological mechanisms within particular neurocircuits that arbitrates the transition in between controlled, occasional drug use and the failure to control behavior of drug-seeking and drug-taking that classifies chronic addiction (Moal and Koob, 2007). It is assumed that this transition corresponds to the channel from a normal to an allostatic state and consequently to a pathological one, i.e., a persistent and relapsing ailment. The critical nature of the dissimilarity between harmful abuse and addiction is illuminated by epidemiological studies that show that a very limited percentage of the users will become dependent or addict. Stages of Addiction Drug-taking commences with collective drug-taking and severe reinforcement and occasionally, for a few individuals, then progresses in a pattern of growing compulsive use and lastly to withdrawal, dependence, and protracted abstinence. Since relapse is possible to occur, thus the cycle repeats (Robinson & Berridge, 2003). Characteristics of Drug Addiction Drug addiction, also termed as substance dependence is a persistent relapsing disorder usually characterized by (1) Urge to search for and take the drug (2) Loss of ability to control on limiting the drug administration (3) Development of negative emotions (e.g., anxiety, dysphoria, irritability) when drugs are avoided (Moal and Koob, 2007). Who are drug abusers? Drug abusers may be defined as individuals who are obsessive in the drug administration behavior that they undermine other important aspects of life, like relationships, parenting, performing normal life activities, moral values etc. (Butler, 2009,). Reasons behind drug abuse Like various psychological disorders, substance dependence or drug addiction depends on numerous things. However two main factors are: Genes: Once the drug use has been initiated, the hereditary factors like genes ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Research Paper
The paper would help to know about the updating process of Medicare form as well as its billing process. This developed tool has the potential to be implemented at a health care organization. There are various methods to update the Medicare form, even the employees in an organization can do so by using simple appropriate methods.
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
Research paper
According to Norman 2002, aesthetically pleasing objects usually appear more effectives by virtue of their sensual appeal. Don Norman has not overcomplicated the importance of emotional appreciation simply because attractive design usually comes with emotional appreciation.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Research paper
Like every other country or region, Middle East also has its own culture, religion, economic conditions, and environment. Moreover, it has its impact on the rest of the world through its economic activities (majorly through oil export). This paper aims to critically present my own perspective regarding the Middle East; its environment, culture, political issues, religion, and the situation of war in the region.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Research Methods Research Paper
Group 2 scores are the final test results for the experimental group. The raw data is shown in the table below, with scores being on a scale of 0 (no bulimic behavior) to 30 (severe bulimic behavior). Prior to the experiment, both groups demonstrated similar scores on the baseline test with a mean of 23.00.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Research paper
It is said that the intensity of competition is greatest in this part of the world where everyone is working hard for survival. I wanted to visit this city to see this myself and whether I will be able to stand
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
Research Paper
Lanza later shot himself in the head when he security personnel arrived to arrest him. Reports about the incident released by the Connecticut State Attorneys office concluded that Adam Lanza acted alone. However, the report could
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Research paper
In this regard, most societies hold the opinion that individuals who grow up with autonomy-thwarting parents have lower chances of exploring their sexual values and identities and therefore disregard social aspects that
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
Research Paper
According to Wikipedia (Toyota, n.d.), the company was founded in 1933 with the division of Toyoda Automatic Loom Works that was devoted to the production of automobiles. However, in 1937 it already performed its activities as an independent company. Since its
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Research Paper
Many leaders have come and gone without reaching a final solution, although it looked possible through dialogue, a few times, during recent past. Arab-Israel conflict being the basis
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
Research Paper (Accounting Research paper)
In early 2011, Al and Irene approached Tim concerning the piece of land (Moore farm) that was bought some time back at $600000. Tim was unaware that the land was located in a geological flaw. Due to the knowledge, skills and expertise of Irene, who is an architect and Al
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Research Paper for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us