The geriatric population has proven to be highly sensitive when administering drugs. This paper will highlight some of the factors predisposing the geriatric population to adverse drug reactions. The paper will present some examples of the major drug categories and their mechanisms of action. …
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As the essay declares the aging process is defined by numerous impairments of several regulatory processes that play a critical role in cells and organs. In addition, other physiological changes are evident in advanced age, and have the capacity to affect the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of drugs. The geriatric population exhibits cardiac dysfunctions. The relaxation and contraction of heart muscles change remarkably a one ages. Blood flow becomes slower, a factor that may affect drug distribution. In addition, aging brings about the reduction of renal mass. Fewer nephrons define the reduction of renal mass.
According to the research findings there is a notable delay in the kidney functions, a factor that affects the elimination of drugs. The gastrointestinal system is also affected by aging because elderly people have lower rates of hydrochloric acid and pepsin. Research has highlighted that aging may contribute to potential changes in the enzyme secreting cells or hormonal glands a factor that minimizes the efficiency of the gastrointestinal system. In the small intestines, absorption of some substances reduces with age, while in the colon, the transit time may prove to be slower. Other digestive enzymes such as lipase and trypsin usually decrease as one age. The liver is a critical organ in the metabolism of drugs. With advancing age comes a remarkable reduction in the liver blood flow. In other cases, the liver structure may change over time while enzymes may cease to function effectively.
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Coronary heart disease has become one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States. With the increased rates of obesity and intake of processed and high cholesterol foods, this issue will likely continue to prevail in US society. In fact, coronary heart disease (CHD) or coronary artery disease (CAD) is said to affect about 14 million people in the United States alone (WebMD, p.
They were made usually from plant, roots, barks, berries and gave comfort and healing to people without any side effects. However, in current times, modern medicine has overshadowed the prestige and privilege of herbal medicines and they are long forgotten for their value.
This paper put forwards the argument about the regulation of the herbal supplements like prescribe drugs. It argues that herbal supplements are the pure natural products having lots of benefits for the human health but at the same time there are possibilities of side effects of herbal supplements as well. Physicians and other healthcare experts have identified several potential harms of using herbal supplements without proper guidance and instructions that indicate the need of regulating herbal supplements like prescription drugs.
This branch of medicine makes up part of alternative medicine that involves the use of non-conventional methods in preventive and curative medicine. Early in the 19th century before widespread use of chemical analysis, there was widespread use of herbal drugs. After the advent of chemical analysis, scientists identified the active components in these drugs. Using their results, they prepared laboratory analogs, and this started the decline of herbal medicine (University of Maryland Medical Center, UMMC, 2010).
The few doctors who had attended medical schools received insufficient training. American Civil war had a great effect on almost everybody in the United States. With most men out in the fight, women wanted to show their support by showing an interest in becoming nurses.
This has made the use of herbal medicines be among ancient medical practices gaining popularity alongside conventional medicines. This popularity is particularly attributed to clinical studies that have acknowledged the importance of herbal remedies in treating and preventing diseases.
Drug abusers now revert to abusing prescription drugs, which they get from doctors through lying, buying them from illegal vendors, or stealing. According to Van Pelt (2012), prescription pain medication is now a public health crisis, with more than 15,000 deaths per year attributed to the problem.
Therefore, it is crucial to prevent such pain outcomes and Tramadol can be significant in this case. Tramadol or Ultram is an effective pain reliever that aids to relieve both mild and severe pain. Discussion Tramadol drug It is a Narcotic like drug utilized to relieve pain for a short time.
For the last few years, prescription pill abuse has been raising great challenges to healthcares as teenagers constitute the major risk group concerned. According to physicians, misinformation is the major factor that influences teens to abuse
The researchers carried out a four year research completed in April 2008, in which 47 Chinese were sampled into a GNL set and a control set. The samples were given tibolone in a random manner. The rate of depression
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