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The international desire to improve the quality of childcare and pre-school provisions has contributed a great deal in ensuring that children receive high quality education and childcare as they start their journey of life in educational set-ups (Shaw & Brewer 2012, pg 60). This paper will delve into details of the several provisions needed for childcare, the various types of environments and establishments relating to child development, the skills required as well as the training needed for the numerous childcare roles and working environments.
There are various types of childcare and educational provisions. These provisions fall under both formal and informal sectors. These provisions include nursery education, playgroups, child-minders, crèches, pre-school, care homes, just to mention but a few.
Nursery education is aimed at giving additional physical, social, emotional and cognitive support to children when they are outside the home. Nurseries are normally attended by children aged between two and five. These facilities are normally offered free of charge by Local Education Authorities (Dates 2004, pg. 54). However, if offered by private institutions or organizations then are subject to fees. Nursery schools are normally staffed by teachers who are trained. They are normally assisted by nursery nurses as well as other support staff comprising of volunteers, nursery and teaching assistants (Dallimore 2004, pg. 98).
Pre-school is another provision offered to children. These facilities are usually attached to primary schools and are meant for children of ages four. Pre-schools are normally staffed by highly trained teachers and support staff. They are charged with the responsibility of preparing children for school (Laming 2003, pg. 43). It is important for children to attend pre-school before joining primary school since it gives them an insight of what to
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Working with children from birth to age 5 years Introduction Children are not aware of the dangers and possible harms attached to the materials and things around them. They find everything playful and try to observe things closely. Certain things should be kept out of their reach for their safety.
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The purpose of this paper is to discuss the aforementioned ideas and present how practitioners encourage children to participate in group activities (Edwards, A. & Knight, 1994 and Fisher, J., 2002).
Even though this sounds like a basic, straightforward question, there is actually a vast amount of differing opinions that exist on the topic.
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e tobacco for religious rituals until modernization took place in the next centuries and smoking cigarettes become part of the status quo as it gained popularity especially in social bonds and gatherings (Gilman and Zhou, 2004).
The popularity of tobacco and cigarettes are not
Every organization irrespective of its size and nature of the business in which it is operating requires necessary amount of working capital. Efficient maintenance of working capital is important for creating value for
Children, just like all other beings, have inalienable rights since they are vulnerable. Making decisions while giving care to young people calls for a critical balancing of the rights and needs of the child as well as the rights of the parent. The court asserts a parent’s decision concerning the child’s primary and secondary needs.
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What are some of the difficulties facing Australian female employment and equally contributes to such a prediction?
2. Establishment of policies to improve childcare is beneficial to women, as it will increase time for participation
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