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They include; inhaled corticosteroids, leukotriene modifiers, long-acting beta agonists (LABAs), theophylline and a combination of inhalers that contain both corticosteroid and a LABA. Inhaled corticosteroids include: Fluticasone, Budesonide, Mometasone, Beclomethasone, Ciclesonide (Naff and Clay 2010).
Inhaled corticosteroids have a few side effects which include; one may experience a thrush when taking higher doses and on rare occasions hoarseness may occur. One should regularly rinse the mouth, gargle after using the asthma inhaler and use a spacer device with metered dose inhaler. The intended treatment outcomes include; reduced frequency of asthma attacks, reduced use of beta-agonist bronchodilators, and improvement of lung functions, reduction of emergency hospital visits and hospitalizations (Krauss 2003).
A peak flow meter gauges how air moves out of one’s lungs. Measuring one’s peak flow is an important part in managing asthmatic symptoms as well as an asthma attack. The reading from this device helps the patient to detect changes which may be signs of worsening asthma. Thus one is alerted of the tightening of airways days or hours before the onset of asthma symptoms or attacks (Krauss
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Based on this research asthma hence remains as a disease affecting the respiratory system leading to obstruction of the bronchial tubes leading to gaseous exchange mismatch and subsequent symptoms. In any normal respiratory system, air ought to be taken via the nose or mouth, down the trachea to the bronchioles and alveoli in the lungs. Furthermore, carbon dioxide often leaves via the same route.
Asthma is a chronic inflammation of airways characterized by continuous and developing inflammatory process that later produces variable clinical presentation such as cough, wheezing etc. Acute inflammation results in broncho-spasm while chronic inflammation affects airway caliber and airflow, thus causing bronchial hyper-responsiveness.
In developing budgets for clinical research, the first step is to list all the required resources and then categorize into direct costs, modified direct costs, indirect costs and total costs.
Direct Costs is defined as costs in a grant or contract that support a project/program including personnel, equipment, supplies, patient care costs.
The main purpose is to consider the most effective asthma medicines by analyzing several clinical trials of asthma medicine. Inhaled corticosteroid is the most efficient drugs for control asthma symptoms. High doses of inhaled
it is far-reaching to acknowledge the fact that the severity of the symptoms may vary in different patients based on the immunity of the affected persons. According to the CDC (n.d.), about 7% of the American population suffers from asthma. Additionally, some regions register a
Also, asthma can provoke several other associated conditions such as rhinosinusitis, obstructive sleep apnea and gastro-esophageal reflux disease. COPD abbreviated as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.COPD also associated with increased
However, there is a lesson plan meant to assist to in coping up with his inherited disorder. The plan will raise awareness on the conditions that trigger asthma that will help him avoid them. It will also motivate him to accept his condition and live a good
These stages include intermittent, mild persistent, moderate persistent and severe persistent stage. Each stage is characterized by various symptoms. In intermittent asthma, the symptoms are wheezing and coughing and occurs in two days a week utmost (American Academy of
His school grades were dropping because he fell asleep in school. He may have experienced the cough while riding his bike or playing outside with his friends. Also, he used albuterol at least 3-4 nights in a week. This paper will
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