Selye (1936) observed that patients with different health problems had certain responses that were triggered by the health problems. This is what he termed as stress. In his later works, he used the term stressor…
Download file to see previous pages...
The process of adaptation was labeled general since it is argued to be produced by agents with general effect. Adaptive involves stimulation that helps in the maintenance of state of inurement.
At alarm stage, generalized stimulation of the nervous system is believed to be automatic stimulation in the initial stages of the alarm reaction. An occurrence of nonspecific breakdown takes place at this stage. Nevertheless, a counter shock phase is recorded if the stressor continues (Nevid, 2009). This stage is characterized by increased heart beat rate, blood pressure, and alertness among others.
On the other hand, resistance stage occurs when there is a reduction in the alarm reaction. This is where developmental adaptation takes place. Even with the stress is noted, at this stage, there is an immense attempt to maintain proper functioning of the body (Hesson & Olpin, 2013). In the last stage, exhaustion stage, if the organism is unable to get back into its normal status, the stage of exhaustion takes place. At this point, the initial characteristics of the alarm stage occur while there little effort to counter the stressor.
It is apparent that sleep disturbances are connected to some stressors. Critically ill patients are susceptive to external factors that interacts the patient during the sleep (Berry, et al, 2005). For instance, environmental factors such as noise and light could be termed as sleep disturbance. It is apparent that noise is a stressor that causes sleep disturbance not only to sick persons, but also to health people. In fact, when there is noise around, one is not able to maintain the sleep as the nervous system is disturbed. This alarms the patient and forces him to be awake for as long as the stressor persists (Berry, et al, 2005). For some people, it is possible for them to resist the stressor and continue sleeping. This is mostly noted to people
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
These women were characterized as being uniquely vulnerable to common stressors (life events, role and job strain, perimenopausal symptoms, and shift-work). Literature has highlighted that the majority of women were reported to have experienced difficulty sleeping, tiredness, and fatigue.
(National Research Council (US), et al, 1987p9) Scientists are yet to unravel exactly why we sleep. As a matter of fact humans can survive for a longer duration without eating than without sleeping. Birds, animals, as well as reptiles alike sleep. According to scientists these mentioned theories discuss why humans sleep.
Sleep is determined by ordinary brain action. An individual needs to have a definite quantity of deep sleep for his or her mind and body to be entirely refreshed. Having only restricted occurrences of deep slumber will leave an individual feeling extremely tired the following day.
Development of the Richard-Campbell Sleep Questionnaire provided a cost-effective and easy to use perceptive sleep measure, which can be used in the measurement of interventions that healthcare staff uses to improve sleep for patients who are critically ill.
In humans, sleep occupies nearly a third of life. Sleep is distinguished from the unconscious (or coma) in the preservation of reflexes and the ability of the sleeping person to open their eyes and respond to voice and touch. There is an organization
The author states that the study found a statistically significant (p<.001) difference between those who were being treated by PAP and those who were not (5). This led to a number of things. Firstly, as measured by a number of hospitalizations, those being treated by PAP had much better health outcomes due to their treatment
In the study, there was sampling of 203; 121 males and 82 female from different sectors in the ICU. They were presented with questionnaires on the day they were discharged (Randall, 2000). The questionnaires
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Sleep and sleep disturbance factors among critically ill patients for FREE!