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Course Project: Health Promotion Project/health promotion theory believe - Assignment Example

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HEALTH PROMOTION MODEL: PERSPECTIVE OF CHLAMYDIA INFECTION MANAGEMENT Health Promotion Model Health Promotion Model as proposed by Nola J Pender in 1982, describes the multi-dimensional nature of persons when they interact within their environment to pursue health…
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HEALTH PROMOTION MODEL: PERSPECTIVE OF CHLAMYDIA INFECTION MANAGEMENT Health Promotion Model Health Promotion Model as proposed by Nola J Pender in1982, describes the multi-dimensional nature of persons when they interact within their environment to pursue health. The model focuses on the 3 areas of individual characteristics and experiences, behaviour specific cognitions and affect, and behavioural outcomes. Thus, the model notes that each person has unique characteristics and experience that affect subsequent actions. The set of variables for the behaviour specific knowledge have important motivational significance that can be modified through nursing actions.(Black et al, 2006) Health Promotion behaviour should result in improved health, enhanced functional ability and better quality of life at all stages of disease management. The assumptions of the model include that the health professionals constitute a part of the interpersonal environment, which creates influence on persons throughout their life span, this is because individuals in their bio-psychosocial complexity interact with the environment, progressively transforming the environment and similarly getting transformed over time. The theoretical propositions of HPM implies that the perceived competence or self efficacy to execute a given behaviour increases the likelihood of commitment to action and patients commit to engage in behaviour from which they anticipate deriving personally valued benefits. Then the greater perceived self –eficcacy results in fewer perceived barriers in adopting specific health care. Even the situational influences in the external environment can increase or decrease commitment or participation in health promoting behaviour.(Marriner et al, 2005) The personal factors that drive health promoting behaviour are personal biological factors (like age, gender, agility), personal psychological factors (like self esteem) and personal socio-cultural factors (like socio-economic status and education). The effects of HPM are evaluated on the basis of activity related affect which means the more positive the subjective feelings, the greater is the feeling and belief of self efficacy, which directly correlates to a positive effect on perceived behaviour. The effects are influenced by interpersonal factors like family, peers and health care providers. Certain situational influence can also directly modify the health promoting behaviour.(Pollit , 2007) (Potter, 2006). Literature Review On Chlamydia Chlamydia is a public health issue worldwide abecause untreated Chlamydia may lead to poor reproductive outcomes in women. Chlamydia ectopic pregnancy, PID (pelvic inflammatory disease) and tuberal infertility. It is also harmful for newborn and also causes pneumonia and eye infections. As the patients are immune-compromised it predisposes an individual to HIV infection. Literature review as learned in the previous classes, has made it amply clear, that Chlamydia control in females is possible over period of time, if systematized approach is adopted. The potential intervention is to screen the target population of age below 25 years, to identify the infected cases and treatment should be initiated with Doxycyline, Tetracycline or Azithromycin. Moreover, for effective control of these infections it is required to educate the mass regarding the disease and motivating them through safe use of condoms and identifying the infected sex partners. Once the patient is identified he should be taught to restrain from sexual activity until the follow up cultures becomes negative or treatment is completed. It is important to carry out mass education programmes about the sexually transmitted diseases in community set ups. Dissemination of HPM in the context of Literature Review As from literature survey it becomes evident that the HPM is an important criteria in controlling the epidemiology of Chlamydia infections. Thus, from the theory of HPM discussed earlier the foremost step is that the patients who were being treated about Chlamydia infections or are being actively controlled from re-infections due to the interventional measures administered by care givers should take the lead to convince the community of the importance of safety measures during sex, the process of identifying the sex partners thus voicing the model of HPM. Then there is another context of the HPM, when a patient is asked to refrain from sex and the chances of Chlamydia infections are minimized she will herself understand along with disease specific knowledge provided by the care givers, to convince on socio-economic issues, cultural issues to her environment around which could be easily convincible to the common mass. The approach is like “seeing is believing” or rather “feeling is believing”. Another modern intervention in the management of Chlamydia infections is to prevent the complicated infections that can predispose an individual to Chlamydia infections like pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, and epidydimitis and eventually non-gonococcal urethritis (Manhert et al, 2013). This means that the mass should be made knowledgeable prior to actually getting affected by the Chlamydia infections. This can be done by motivating the individuals to maintain proper hygiene, taking medications as prescribed by the physician for their existing diseases so they are not attacked by Chlamydia infections. Conclusions Thus it can be concluded more than drugs or other interventional measures if the health promotion model is being cultivated it will create a sense of self efficacy, belief in an individual that he or she is being able to lead a Chlamydia infection free life will motivate her to influence the common mass and that can be effective in reducing the total incidences of Chlamydia infections in the community. References Black JM, Hawks JH, Keene AM.(2006) Medical surgical nursing. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Mosby. Manhart LE, Gillespie CW, Lowens MS, et al. Standard treatment regimens for nongonococcal urethritis have similar but declining cure rates: a randomized controlled trial. Clin Infect Dis 2013; 56:934 Marriner TA & Raile AM (2005). Nursing theorists and their work. 5th ed. Sakraida T.Nola J. Pender. The Health Promotion Model. St Louis: Mosby. Polit DF, Beck CT.(2007) Nursing research:Principles and methods. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Potter PA, Perry AG. (2006).Fundamentals of nursing. 6th ed. St.Louis: Elsevier Mosby Read More
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