Nobody downloaded yet

Artificial nutrition and hydration and end of life decision making - Term Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Artificial Nutrition and Hydration and End of Life Decision Making Institutional Affiliation Artificial Nutrition and Hydration and End of Life Decision Making There are end-of-life decisions that prove to be challenging, not only to the dying persons; but more so, to the family members tasked to make crucial life changing decisions…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.9% of users find it useful
Artificial nutrition and hydration and end of life decision making
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Artificial nutrition and hydration and end of life decision making"

Download file to see previous pages The Hospice and Palliative Nurses Association (HPNA) emphasized that ANH was originally described as a means to effectively “provide short-term support for patients who were acutely ill and are often used to provide a bridge to recovery, or to meet therapeutic goals of prolonging life” (Hospice and Palliative Nurse Association (HPNA), 2011, p. 1). The current discourse hereby aims to present crucial ethical concerns or dilemma pertaining to AHN, especially during end of life (EOL) situations using support from evidence based sources. Ethical Concerns In an article written by Brody, et al. (2011), the authors explored controversial issues ranging from allegedly prolonging or sustaining unconscious human life, particularly that which was apparently categorized as patients in permanent vegetative state (PVS); also in terms of determining conformity to patients’ or relatives’ wishes in contrast to health care practitioners’ professional guidelines (Sampson, Candy, & Jones, 2009). Other ethical issues ensue from the religious beliefs and practices, specifically that which were defined under the early doctrines of the Roman Catholic church, to wit: “to value above all the ability of medical technology to extend life indefinitely was interpreted by the Church as idolatry” (Drane, 2006; cited in Brody, et al.: The 1950s, 2011, par. 2). This original belief apparently seemed to stem from the perspective that life and death is governed by the Supreme Being or God and that any intervention not considered within the natural course of life was therefore considered not within the Will of God. This belief was apparently changed in recent Catholic teachings which reportedly supported that “the position currently endorsed by the Church hierarchy stresses life prolongation based on fundamental human dignity. The two most recent Popes have each stated that administration of food and water, artificially or not, constitutes ordinary care “in principle;” ANH is to be considered not a medical technology, but rather a “natural means of preserving life.” Removing ANH is “euthanasia by omission” because the cause of death would be lack of sustenance rather than the underlying disease” (Brody, et al.:Recent Roman Catholic Teaching, 2011, par. 1). The new teachings support the belief that life should be preseved by all means, as a consistent paradigm towards provision of all methods and possible resources available and accessible to the family members and to the medical practitioners governing the patients’ lives. Concurrently, as expounded by Brody, et al. (2011), a transition in bioethics that acknowledged patients rights to refuse life extending medical care, consistent with patients’ rights and the obligation to allegedly respect patient autonomy has elevated application of ANH to face the following ethical concerns: “Bioethicists who supported mandatory ANH offered several arguments: terminating food or fluids made the physician causally responsible for death; the burdens of ANH seemed minor compared to the overriding good of life prolongation; food and fluids represented “care” at a basic, symbolic level; and in an environment dominated by cost containment, forgoing ANH might lead to the selective elimination of vulnerable patients” ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Artificial nutrition and hydration and end of life decision making Term Paper”, n.d.)
Artificial nutrition and hydration and end of life decision making Term Paper. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/nursing/1487300-artificial-nutrition-and-hydration-and-end-of-life
(Artificial Nutrition and Hydration and End of Life Decision Making Term Paper)
Artificial Nutrition and Hydration and End of Life Decision Making Term Paper. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1487300-artificial-nutrition-and-hydration-and-end-of-life.
“Artificial Nutrition and Hydration and End of Life Decision Making Term Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1487300-artificial-nutrition-and-hydration-and-end-of-life.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Artificial nutrition and hydration and end of life decision making

Decision making

...in this paper. First of all, there will be a discussion of the concept of mediation. This will be followed by the analysis of the main elements of the two theories at hand: the prospect theory and the rational theory. The final section of the literature review will focus on the Arab-Israeli conflict and the stakes in making decisions. Mediation in International Conflicts Article 2(3) of the UN Charter states that “All member states shall settle their international disputes in such manner that international peace and justice are not endangered”. To this end, the UN Charter recognize: 1) Direct Negotiations, 2) Mediation and Conciliation and 3) Third Party Intervention and Arbitration...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper

Ethical Decision Making: Food & Nutrition

...? Ethical Decision Making: Food & Nutrition Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 Introduction 3 Theory: Business Ethics 4 Overview of the global food and nutrition sector 6 Issues of Food and nutrition in the United States 8 Laws and legal frameworks in the US 10 Role of Ethics in Food and Nutrition Sector 10 Conclusion 12 Reference 13 Introduction The 21st century is an era of tremendous development and high powered fast lives that are lived by the residents of the planet Earth. The tremendous level of connectivity that is being increasingly developed by the telecom companies around the world, while competing with each other in terms of...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

End of Life and Decision Making

...? End of life and decision making affiliation End of life and decision making A person’s lifestyle matters a lot in determining their personality. People living under low quality lifestyle have a high probability of making life ending decisions. The quality of life one has shapes the kind of treatment one gets from the society. Rich people tend to get special treatments due to their status in society. This in turn, comes at the expense of poor individuals who have poor lifestyles and get second level treatment after the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Making decision

...? MAKING DECISION BY PRESENTED Making decisions In a couple of sentences outline why it is difficult to distinguish between clinical-decision making errors solely due to intuitive judgement or analytical judgement Hammond (1996) explains that intuition is a cognitive process that provides answers and idea solutions without using any conscience, or logically defensible processes. In other words, intuition cannot be made explicit while an analysis can be made explicit. As Bendal & Morrison (2009) assert, nurses are called to hold on the highest degree of professionalism in making any decision. As Bendal & Morrison (2009) elaborate, nurses in most cases have to apply evidence based practices to alive at any decision where a patient... is...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Decision Making within college life

...? Decision Making Within College Life Number: Introduction That there are several factors that shape decision making in college life and work life is a matter that is beyond gainsay. This is because the factors that underpin decision making are complex, with some factors stemming from historical factors, environmental and others, intrapersonal persuasions. This is consistent with my campus experience which has not yet been long enough since I am still a college junior, but has been dynamic enough to inculcate great gems concerning decision making....
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Decision Making within college life

...Lecturer’s Introduction What is decision making? It occurs when an individual has to choose between two or more courses of action. The courses of action may in the end have different outcomes and therefore there may be a ‘correct’ decision and a wrong one. However, in some circumstances both courses of action with which one has to choose maybe wrong. While making decisions we rarely have the benefit of hindsight, but this is substituted by precedents (Harris, 2012). By this the author means that one should learn from the consequences of other people’s actions. Different courses of actions have different consequences and therefore since...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Artificial Nutrition and Hydration

...Artificial Nutrition and Hydration Artificial Nutrition and Hydration Artificially provided nutrition and hydration (ANH) is a medical procedure that can be withheld or withdrawn like any other. A decade has passed since that heated discussion occurred. Today in Japan, end-of-life issues have become an even more urgent problem. Many people are living long lives and most of them die in hospitals connected to high-technology medical equipment. At the same time, the sanctity of life has begun to move from its central place to compete with...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Decision Making

...Decision Making: A Crucial Part of Life al Affiliation Decision making is a crucial stage in human interaction. No purposeful and successful dealings can be made without it. Hence, every human act is based on a particular and definite decision and that every aspect of society considers this process before making a conclusion. A decision is mainly defined as the act or process of deciding or the report of a conclusion (“Decision,” n.d.). When it is combined with the term making, it proposes a meaning which purports that it is a process wherein an idea is being analyzed...
2 Pages(500 words)Admission/Application Essay

Ethics issue in end of life decision making

...Ethics Issues in End of Life Decision-Making BY YOU YOUR SCHOOL DATA HERE HERE Ethics Issues in End of Life Decision-Making Nature and Scope of Problem With a rapidly aging Baby Boomer population, in general those between 50 and 70 years of age, end of life issues have taken on a new meaning at the social, political, and health care levels. This group of older people makes up approximately 30 percent of the entire national population (census.gov, 2001), making decisions regarding end of...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Hydration and nutrition at the end of life

...al., 2011. Hydration and nutrition at the end of life: a systematic review of emotional impact, perceptions, and decision-making among patients, family, and health care staff. Journal of Psychological, Social and Behavioral Dimensions of Cancer, 21(9), pp. 913-921. Department of Health, 2015. 2010 to 2015 Government Policy: End of Life Care. [Online] Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/2010-to-2015-government-policy-end-of-life-care/2010-to-2015-government-policy-end-of-life-care [Accessed 25 November...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Term Paper on topic Artificial nutrition and hydration and end of life decision making for FREE!

Contact Us