Module2: Quantitative and Qualitative Research Review Grand Canyon University: NUR 504 – Health Care Research Analysis and Utilization Quantitative and Qualitative Research Review Introduction: This assignment is basically a review as to how the two articles “Nephrol Dial Transplant” and “The Impact of Self-management Support on the Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease- A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial” are examples of quantitative and qualitative research studies respectively…
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p. 659). On a closer analysis, considering the above mentioned criteria, it becomes clear that one research study is quantitative in nature, whereas the other reflects qualitative characteristics, that is, the first article named “Nephrol Dial Transplant” is an example of quantitative research study. This article is concerned with “an identified problem, based on testing a theory, measured with numbers” and it is makes analysis by making use of statistical techniques (Chapter 4: Quantitative and Qualitative Research. n.d. p. 41). According to this definition, it is seen that the article is quantitative as it describes a lot of relationships such as that of demographic characteristics and knowledge of CKD, with the help of numerical variables through independent t-test, Pearson’s Chi Squared test, one way Analysis of Variance etc. Also, the article has a specific and narrow purpose as it basically deals with just finding out the impact of SMS system on CKD patients by analyzing the collected data and presenting it in numerical terms. This can be seen through the various numerical data presented under the head ‘Demographic and clinical characteristics of CKD patients at study entry’ of the article, where the researchers have represented the percentage of patients in terms of age, marital status, education, gender etc. Furthermore, they have also provided information regarding diabetes, hypertension, alcohol history, smoking history, walking, gardening and such other lifestyle activities of patients all in numerical terms. Another factor that makes it quantitative research is the participants, quantitative study always employs a random sample, as is seen in this case also. Therefore, these are the various elements that make this article an apt example for quantitative research study. The second article, “The Impact of Self-management Support on the Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease- A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial” is observed to be a qualitative research as it consists of the research taking place in a natural setting, where the researcher “gathers words or pictures, analyzes them inductively, focuses on the meaning of participants, and describes a process that is expressive and persuasive in language” (Wise, n.d., How would you define qualitative research? para.1). It involves a more generalized and broad topic and furthermore it is concerned with qualitative aspects such as gathering information regarding the participants’ experiences, feelings etc. It uses texts as well as diagrams as compared to the quantitative research, which is evident from the chart showing the profiles of patient enrollments, assignments and alerts. Another factor is that under the study design, specifically under the head ‘Standardized SMS Program,’ as opposed to the quantitative study, not many numerical values are used. In fact the data regarding initial eGFR, end point eGFR, number of initial
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A qualitative method appears to be fit for this initial study as it is intended to be descriptive, explanatory and discovery-oriented. The sampling would be purposive and include patients who had been discharged after knee arthroscopy surgery within six months and are at their residences in a naturalistic setting.
As part of nursing research, the qualitative method of research provides significant insight on the illness experience of patients. In relation, this paper aimed to look into the qualitative method of research, by analyzing a qualitative study published in a scholarly resource.
However there is a third approach known as the mixed method study that combines the approaches of both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Quantitative research is sometimes termed as positivist or empiricist approach that entails the systematic investigation of different phenomena through the use of statistical and computational techniques (Bockmon & Rieman 1987)..
Contextually, qualitative research is defined as a method of investigation engaged in certain different academic orders, usually in social sciences along with market trends among others. Qualitative research intends to collect in-depth knowledge of human activities as well as reasons behind such performance (Ospina, 2004).
The study was conducted in a Teaching Hospital located in United Kingdom where 160 outpatients who met the DSM-IV criteria for the diagnosis with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder were recruited for the survey. Patients who were currently unstable, using psychotropic drugs and did not understand English were excluded from the study.
The methodology used by the researcher appropriately distinguishes the course of an initially hypothetical study into fruition through a comprehensive understanding of the goal of the research which correlates to the results. The choice between using quantitative and qualitative instruments in scientific research had been historically lenient to a quantitative process rather than a qualitative measurement.
But, many researchers found qualitative research as mere concept which has hardly any implicational value in order to address business problems. Generally, companies use survey method as part of quantitative research in order to address business problems and often ignore importance of qualitative research due to lack of understanding of the concepts working behind qualitative research (Johnson & Duberley, 2000).
School of Public Health, Gothenburg; and Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of International Health (IHCAR), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Anna-Berit Ransjo-Arvidson PhD RNM DNE; Senior Lecturer, Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of
Whereas many questions can be answered by differing manners of inquiry, certain medical research questions must utilize quantitative information as a way to inform the reader/researcher as to the broad perspective, key trends, and verifiable extant information that exists
Hospitals across the country have been suffering a wide range of problems related to poor hand hygiene. In this article authors assert that despite several research showing the significance of hand hygiene in controlling the nosocomial diseases in hospital there has been low response in embracing the idea.
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