Nobody downloaded yet

Children asthma - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
RUNNING HEAD: Asthma in Children Title: Asthma in Children: Use of Nebulizer versus Metered dose Inhalers Using Spacers for delivering Albuterol in Acute Asthma in Children Name of the student: Under the guidance of: University: APA Format Word Count: Use of Nebulizer versus Metered dose Inhalers Using Spacers for delivering Albuterol in Acute Asthma in Children Introduction Asthma is a condition in which there is reversible obstruction of the airways secondary to hyperreactivity of the bronchi and chronic inflammation…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.3% of users find it useful
Children asthma
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Children asthma"

Download file to see previous pages Children with acute exacerbation of asthma are frequently seen in out-patient settings and emergency rooms. They are administered bronchodilators like albuterol to cause relief of symptoms. Albuterol is administered either through metered dose inhalers-spacer or jet nebulizer. Metered dose-inhaler spacer is an efficient and useful method of delivering albuterol for bronchodilatation. It delivers the drug quickly and can cause effects in few seconds. Delivery of the drug can be optimized using suitable mask. On the other hand nebulization is also an effective tool to deliver the drug. It is however cumbersome and needs atleast 15 minutes for one dose administration. The most commonly used delivery systems for asthma are nebulizers, dry-powder inhalers and metered dose inhalers with or without spacers (Smith and Goldman, 2012). In children less than 5 years of age, it is not possible to generate adequate inspiratory inflow and hence, effective use of dry-powder inhaler devices is not possible. Whether to use metered dose inhalers or nebulizers in acute exacerbation of asthma in children is a much debated topic. The main advantage with nebulizer is that the drug can be delivered even without the cooperation of the child. However, during this mechanism, only less than 10 percent of the aerosolized drug reaches the lungs (Smith and Goldman, 2012). The remaining drug gets deposited in the nebulization system or on the face or is lost to the surrounding regions. On the other hand upto 40 percent of the drug can be deposited in the lungs with metered dose inhalers. In infants and young children, the main difficulty in using metered dose inhalers is lack of coordination in triggering and inhaling the drug (Smith and Goldman, 2012). To overcome these aspects, spacers and masks are used. Spacers are able to eliminate the need for coordination in metered dose inhalers. The spacers have a valve "with the particular advantage of allowing aerosol to move out of the chamber at inhalation but holding particles in the chamber during exhalation" (Smith and Goldman, 2012). In this research essay, whether nebulizer or metered dose inhaler with spacer is a suitable method for administering albuterol therapy in children will be discussed through review of suitable literature. The research is made through PICO format and the steps involved in arriving at the evidence will be discussed. PICO Format When clinical decisions are made based on appropriate scientific evidence, it is nown as evidence-based practice. According to McKibbon (1998), "Evidence-based practice (EBP) is an approach to health care wherein health professionals use the best evidence possible, i.e. the most appropriate information available, to make clinical decisions for individual patients. EBP values, enhances and builds on clinical expertise, knowledge of disease mechanisms, and pathophysiology. It involves complex and conscientious decision-making based not only on the available evidence but also on patient characteristics, situations, and preferences." The most critical exercise for evidence-based practice is literature review. This can be done by approapriate search strategy and by creating a ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Children asthma Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Children Asthma Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“Children Asthma Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document



...on the rise since the 1980s. This rate is spread across all gender, racial groups and ages; the statistics say that asthma is most prevalent and extremely dangerous in children. Adult women are more likely to have asthmatic problems than adult men. Among children, the male children are more affected than the female children. 5 million of people suffering from asthma are likely to be below the age of 19. What this shows us is that children are more vulnerable to asthma than adults. In the racial backgrounds, the African American race is more prone to asthmatic problems than the Caucasians (Paquette,...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

5 Year Old Children Asthma: Nursing Care Plan

...? Asthma; children 5 years old: nursing care plan, pathophysiology of asthma of the Nursing of the Concerned May 5, Asthma; children 5 years old: nursing care plan, pathophysiology of asthma Introduction Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease which is a considerable drain on healthcare resources in terms of costs, manpower, morbidity and mortality (Akinbami, Moorman & Liu, 2011). Chronic diseases like asthma are best managed with a collaborative effort between physicians, nursing staff, patients and their family members (Wooler, 2011) As the prevalence of asthma among...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

How are minority children in NYC who are living with asthma impacted by disparities in access to the needed health care

...? Children Asthma Care among Minority Groups in NYC Asthma has been one of the leading causes of concern in the United States of America. It affects both the children and the adults. It is believed that it is the third most cause of all hospitalization diseases among the children. Statistics show that that of all the people affected by asthma seven million are children. The minority children are the most affected, as they may be due to their poor backgrounds or discrimination due to their status in the society. America is a place in which all races and cultures live and interact with each other. The...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper


...Asthma Introduction Asthma is one of the major diseases which affect our lungs and our breathing passages. According to the National Heart Lung andBlood Institute (“Lung Diseases”) it is a disease where narrow airways become inflamed and later manifests with recurring periods of wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath and coughing. It manifests at almost any age but often starts as early as the childhood years. About 22 million people in the United States, with about 6 million of them being children, are afflicted with this disease. In fact it is the most common childhood illness in the United States (Schiffman,, p. 1). This disease often manifests through various patient-specific triggers, the most common... with the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Children Face Asthma Risk If Mothers Exposed to Pollutants

...Chong Yang RW6 Summary Brian Bienkowski and Environmental Health Newss article "Children Face Asthma Risk If Mothers Exposed to Pollutants" is published on the website of the Scientific American magazine. The article is based on research from Denmark which states that children exposed to chlorinated chemicals before their mothers gave birth to them are more likely to have asthma before they are 20 years old. The author describes the Danish research and comes to the conclusion that polychlorinated biphenyls is directly linked with asthma in children. Five other PCB compounds apparently have a weak relationship with...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay


...Risk Perception: The Relation between Indoor Biological Contaminants and Development of Asthma in Children in The UK Background In the UK context, deaths from asthma are uncommon, but asthma is a leading reason for visits to the General Practitioner (GP) and hospitalisation admissions. Off late asthma in children is on the decline, possibly because of better medical care but during 1955 and 2004, it multiplied (Anderson et al, 2007). Data provides critical insights on children in the age groups 1-4 and 5-14 taking asthma consultations, the number of which was 275 per 10,000 in England in 2005 and 462 in...
13 Pages(3250 words)Case Study

Design a study to show relationship between body mass index to asthma in both children and adults

...Design of a study to show the relationship between body mass index and asthma in both children and adults Study design The study will implement non-experimental design for its data collection. This defines a research approach in which data is collected from a natural occurrence. It is free from randomization and treatment requirements, a feature that distinguishes it from experimental and quasi-experimental designs of quantitative research method. The design is suitable for research scopes in which treatment and randomization of research participants may not be possible because of legal, ethical, natural financial constraints. It is consequently free from many legal and ethical issues that face...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper


.... The lack of exposure bacteria shifts the immune system toward a Th 2 cell mediated immunity. The shift favours the development of allergic disorders including asthma because Th 2 cells produce interleukins that contribute to atopy through immunoglobulin E production. Etiology Atopy and environmental triggers are general etiologic factors that predispose a person to asthma. A rural lifestyle is consistently associated with a low prevalence of asthma. Exposure to farm animals and drinking of unpasteurised milk is protective in farmers’ children. In urban environment presence of pets in the house and large family sizes are protective in children reared in...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Numerous epidemiological studies have shown that children who grow up on traditional farms are protected from asthma, hay fever and allergic sensitization. Present and discuss the evidence supporting this hypothesis

...An Exploration of Rural vs. Urban Living during Childhood Diseases, such as asthma, hay fever and allergic sensitization, have recently increased among children grown in urban areas. This is not seen in rural areas where people are more exposed to micro-organisms. Studies suggest that children who are exposed to allergens from their childhood will produce an innate immunity in them. Along with exposure to microbes, consumption of raw milk, which contains whey proteins, also contribute to immunity in children. The aim of the present study is to discuss the evidences supporting the hypothesis that the children who are brought up on traditional farms are...
18 Pages(4500 words)Essay

Children with Asthma Who Take Budesonide and Who Take Nedocromil

...Children with Asthma Who Take Budesonide and Who Take Nedocromil Objective: To ascertain whether children with asthma who take budesonide experience reduced severity of attacks compared to those who take nedocromil. Modern research pertaining to the disease have found that impaired growth of lungs during childhood together with gradual decline in pulmonary function are a major cause of asthma in adulthood. Consequently, clinicians have suggested that the use of anti-inflammatory medication for a long period of time can be used to control recurrent asthmatic attacks. Such medications include corticosteroids or nedocromil inhalants for...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Children asthma for FREE!

Contact Us