A Comparative Analysis of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and Person-Centered Therapy Name of University Introduction Patients normally seek counseling because they are experiencing a certain level of stress or trauma related to conflict or disorder…
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Each of these two approaches focuses on and deals with different features of client dialogue. As a consequence, they follow different techniques of resolving problems. Nevertheless, both have the objective of helping the client, reconciling discrepancies, and mitigating conflict. This essay compares and contrasts the major tenets, concepts, techniques, views of pathology/normality of cognitive-behavioral therapy and person-centered therapy. It also discusses the usefulness of both therapies to advanced nursing practice. Comparing and Contrasting Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and Person-Centered Therapy Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) is a framework of human difficulties and challenges that can be approached from primarily two interconnected domains: philosophical and theoretical. Within the philosophical perspective, CBT can be regarded as being related to some forms of behaviorism. The behaviorist models are commonly philosophies of mind and science, specifically, methods of identifying and dealing with the interpretation of the problems or difficulties usually related to psychology (Sharf, 2011). On the other hand, the theoretical feature of behavior therapy is more about actual identifications of particular problems. Theories can give reliable explanations or at least verifiable assumptions for issues about more exact problems (Sharf, 2011): How does this problem arise? What are the fundamental features of this form of medical disorder? What are the possible techniques for problem modification? Basically, CBT is a type of psychotherapy that has been shown to be one of the best methods for treating a broad array of disorders such as anxiety and depression. CBT targets thought and behavioral processes that reinforce both normal and abnormal behavior. It rests on the idea that these processes are learned, and, therefore, can be unlearned. CBT is described as collaborative, participative, and brief (Corey, 2009). Even though therapists take into account how disorders may have emerged, their main interest is in helping the patient pinpoint, understand, and modify what is reinforcing the problem. The therapist-patient relationship is characterized by partnership or collaborating, and patients are motivated to actively participate in the application of techniques during therapy sessions. There are four major techniques employed in CBT: skills training, exposure therapy, behavioral activation, and cognitive restructuring (Norcross, 2002). Skills training assume that some individuals keep away from particular situations because they believe they do not have the necessary skills to handle them. For that reason, CBT normally involves acquiring new behavioral abilities to handle difficult social circumstances and anxiety. Through exposure therapy, CBT helps individuals conquer anxiety by systematically confronting their fears. This technique rests on the assumption that anxiety is reinforced by avoidance (Sharf, 2011). On the other hand, depression usually results in indifference, avoidance, and withdrawal. Through behavioral activation, or the process of enhancing rewards, CBT helps individuals recognize and take part in activities or tasks that give them the opportunity to gain rewards or gratifying experiences (Norcross, 2002). Lastly, according to Corsini and Wedding
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To sum up, a synthesis of psychoanalytic therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy serves the interests of patients by providing them with the autonomy that they require in the process of resolving the intrapersonal conflict. Methodologically, it is essential to facilitate a discussion with a patient, rather than investigation and imposing psychological principles like a physical doctor.
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