There has been a growing interest in the application of religion and spirituality within the field of social work, over the years. This has been documented with the help of various studies carried out by researchers…
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The relationship between religion, spirituality and social work, however, is not a recent phenomenon, but in fact has existed historically and share a consistent relationship. Such a positive and co-dependent relationship between religion, spirituality and social work, can be attributed to the Postmodernist society we live in today, where there has been a steady and systematic increase in the introduction of new social work policies, which assimilate religion and spirituality; and where the social workers, are known to have a more positive approach towards the inclusion of religion and spirituality within the spheres of social work. There have been various studies which have documented the effect, introduction, assimilation and impact of religion and spirituality within the domains of social work (Furman, Benson, Canda, & Grimwood, 2005; Sheridan & Amato-Von Hemert, 1999; Sheridan, Bullis, Adcock, Berlin, & Miller, 1992). This paper, discusses the various signifcance of the problem, and the impact of such an inclusion on social work and workers. Definition and Meaning of Terms: Religion and Spirituality These terms are defined in various ways by different authors, and research literature on the subject implies that there is no one clear or specific definition for either of these terms. Hence defining the terms in a precise manner has been a challenging task for the authors, since it encompasses a wide area of subjects and concepts. However for the purpose of this study, a general and commonly used definition is taken into consideration. Spirituality is defined as: "a complex, intrapsychic dimension of human development” (Derezotes, 1995, p.1) “the relationship of the human person to something or someone who transcends themselves” (Bullis, 1996, p. 2), “devotion to the immaterial part of humanity and nature” (Barker, 1995, p. 363), “the human search for purpose and meaning of life experiences” (Sheridan & Amato-von Hemert, 1999, p. 129), “a relationship to force greater than oneself” (Netting, Thibault & Ellor, 1990), and “the essence of the individual” (Carroll, 1997, p. 27), or “one’s basic nature” (Carroll, 1998, p. 2). Religion on the other hand is defined as: “the external de?nition of faith” (Joseph, 1988, p. 444), “a search for the signi?cant in ways related to the sacred” (Pargament, 2002, p. 169), “an organized set of beliefs and practices of a faith community” (Furman & Chandy, 1994, p. 21), “believing” (Gotterer, 2001, p. 188), and the “acceptance of a particular set of beliefs and ethics” (Cascio, 1998, p. 524). Thus, the definitions of spirituality and religion in general, are more or less focused on the general meaning of the terms and the areas it encompasses. There is however a subtle difference between the two, as observed from the literature. The concept of spirituality may also include a special reference to the relationship between individuals, the environment to which they belong, their traditions, customs or heritage or any higher power in which they believe (Canda, 1988; Dudley & Helfgott, 1990; Furman, Benson, Canda, & Grimwood, 2005; Joseph, 1988; Krieglstein, 2006; Hodge & McGraw, 2006). Religion on the other hand, is comparatively a narrow term, albeit more structured with regard to the beliefs, or rules followed by a community or an organization. However, there is a slight difference of opinion among various researchers and practitioners with regard to the difference between the two terms while yet others do not believe in such differences. According to some religion is more focused on communities while spirituality is an individual thing, while yet others question the
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People who never attended religious activities exhibited 1.87 times the risk of death compared with people who attend more than once a week, which results in a seven-year difference in life expectancy at age 20 between those who never attend and those who attend more than once a week.
The abstract provided a good description of the research problem and aims, but was rather vague in terms of the method and the exact detail of the findings, for example stating that “Implications and challenges in educating social workers about religion and spirituality are discussed”,but not specifying what these actually were.
Science and religion are two important areas in the lives of human being which are not compatible with each other. Both the concepts of science and religion have roots established in different dimensions of human activity sphere. Science is usually defined as a system where knowledge is acquired and this knowledge is utilized to observe and experiment natural phenomena.
Social phobia or social anxiety is a psychological problem that is faced by almost one-third of the total population of US. Social isolation/ avoidance is an irrational fear in which people fear to face public and avoid to speak or communicate in public and prefer to remain socially isolated.
Media however, exists to complement the two activities. It allows the rest of the community members to appreciate the role of surfing in promoting spirituality. For instance, a number of films have been used to show the beauty of surfing.
Since the dawn of time, humanity has been specifically interested in defining what specifically the purpose of life must be. Although a great number of theories have come to prominence in the several thousand years of civilized human existence, the most stark commonality that exists between each of the major world cultures which will herein be analyzed (Middle Eastern, European, and Asian) is with regards to the innate belief that some higher power must necessarily govern and define the relationship that mankind has with both one another and with whatever higher power must exist.
Spirituality and religiousness are considered as two sides of the same coins however they present completely different types of discourses. Spirituality is often seen as a by-product of religion since those who practice a certain religion thoroughly are also expected to be spiritual as well.
Sex is a problem in most religions. The body has the motivation to engage in sex, but the mind is in conflict with this urge due to the development of beliefs about the morality of sexual contact. Animals do not have this urge to regulate the morality of sex.
his is because human beings, besides, having need for material needs, they also have spiritual needs, which include the desire to live in harmony and co-operation with the other people. Hence, a good leader should not be egoistic, but he/she should be a selfless person, driven
Similar theories have been crafted in Christianity too. These theories give you a vision of seeing the nature as well as the feminine as scared creations of God (Dwivedi 305-323)1. These three faiths have
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