Assignment Name Byline Date Abstract Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a serious psychological disorder which is characterized by obsessive thoughts, impulses, and behaviors. Depending on the severity of the disorder, these particular symptoms can become severe enough to impact a person’s daily quality of life…
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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder According to the article entitled “Psychological Disorders,” mental disorders are defined as “health conditions that are characterized by alterations in thinking, mood, or behavior associated with distress and/or impaired functioning”(Green, 2003). There are a myriad of different psychological disorders including depression disorder, bipolar disorder, personality disorders, schizophrenia, and anxiety disorders (Green, 2003). Anxiety disorders are considered to be the most common form of mental illness within the United States as over 19 million Americans have been diagnosed with one of several anxiety disorders (Green, 2003). Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder that has complex symptoms and methods of treatment which can severely impact a person’s quality of life. According to the article entitled “Associations between miscellaneous symptoms and symptom dimensions in adults with obsessive-compulsive disorders” obsessive compulsive disorder is characterized by “intrusive and recurrent thoughts, ideas, impulses, or images (obsessions) and repetitive rituals/compulsions that serve to reduce anxiety”(Storch, et al. 2008). ...
sociated with this particular disorder include repetitive washing of hands, repetitive counting, and other similar behaviors that are completed to relieve the build-up of anxiety. However, although there are some uniform symptoms, there are miscellaneous symptoms that differ from person to person; therefore, it is important to note that the disorder can present itself differently from individual to individual. Overall, there is specific criteria that must be met in order to be diagnosed with OCD. Within the article entitled “The Phenomenology of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder,” OCD is diagnosed by the elements listed within the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders(Spitzer and Dieter, 1997). One of the most important factors is that the obsessive behaviors or thoughts cannot be a result of a “substance, drug, or general medical condition(Spitzer and Dieter, 1997). Primarily, within the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the two main aspects that make up OCD include obsessions and compulsions. In order to be considered a full blown disorder, the obsessions and compulsions cannot be simply everyday worries, but must be consistent with irrational beliefs and thoughts (Spitzer and Dieter, 1997). The disorder must have also reached the point where it is interfering with the person’s daily life and the general quality of their life (Spitzer and Dieter, 1997). According to an article entitled “Symptoms clusters in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): influence of age and age of onset,” a study was conducted by researching the charts of OCD patients where it was determined that there was no pattern that could be detected in terms of gender as it pertained to the development of this particular disorder(Butwicka and Gmitrowicz,
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(Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words - 1)
“Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1428073-obsessive-compulsive-disorder.
In order to be diagnosed with OCD, an individual must present with recurrent obsessions and/or compulsions that are severe enough to cause marked impairment in everyday functioning. Obsessions are defined as persistent ideas, thoughts, impulses, or images that are perceived as intrusive or unwarranted, and lead to marked anxiety or distress.
These repetitive behaviors or recurring impulsive tendencies are called compulsions, which without cause come as a natural reflex to the afflicted individual. Most obsessive thoughts are centered on things or subjects that a person is not at ease with. An example is an individual who thinks that her house is full of dirt and dust that will trigger her allergies despite the true fact that the house in question is spotless.
In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) (APA, 2000), OCD is classified as an anxiety disorder. The condition is characterized by obsessive thoughts that are distressing and intrusive, and involve clinically significant repetitive compulsive actions.
An ideal example is an individual who has immense fear of germs. Such a person will be afraid of opening doors or of shaking people’s hands. It is an ordinary thing for people to check and make sure that door locks have been securely locked, but when a person does this too many times than he or she should, then this might be symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder.
This is a description of the outstanding features of OCD; anxiety causes behaviors in an attempt to banish the anxiety, obsession with performing these behaviors forms, attempts to suppress the behavior leads to compulsive resistance-and-action behavior, which in turn leads to a struggle to resist the compulsion, and increases anxiety.
Like many other mental illnesses treatment includes drug therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy or a combination of both. Alternative herbal remedies also seem to have some benefits.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
The thoughts and actions are uncontrollable even when the individual is aware of them. OCD is one of the common mental disorders with about two percent of the United States of America adults suffering from the disorder. It affects people of all ages including children and
In most of the time, the affected individuals will be uneasy (Cunningham, 2013). This reaction deems to reduce the anxiety that is linked to the disorder. Apparently, an obsession is stated as an unpleasant thought that a person
In addition to them, there are also secondary symptoms, such as phobias, depression, sleep disturbances, sexual disturbances, anger, tic disorders etc. For today, specialists have not differentiated the certain causes of OCD; however, the available data
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