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This trade is secretly done in the black market, but if any person is caught dealing or consuming illegal drug he will have to face long tenure in jail. Drug trafficking is the most profitable trade in the world which involves very powerful people, who are well funded had possess heavy arms to defend themselves (Sherman, 2010, pp. 7-9). Drug trafficking is an international issue. The violence that culminates through drug trafficking is a problem in United States because each group traffics drug in their own specific area and very often they get involved in a fight with each other and also with the police. History and Examples The origin of drug trafficking in United States varied from state to state. In Mexico, the drug trafficking trade began during the 1990s (Hamnett, 2006, p.7). In Latin America and Mexico the drug trafficking trade began during the 1980s. The drug trafficking in Cuba started from 1920. During the year 1980, the economic condition of Latin America was crucial. Due to the major increase in unemployment and public debt, it was discovered that smuggling of drugs will be more profitable which will help to develop the financial condition of the state. Smuggling of drugs especially cocaine lead to an increase in criminal activity which eventually formed an epidemic in the United States. Then President Ronald Reagan affirmed a war against drug trafficking in the 1982. Lot of policies was made to abolish the practice of drug trafficking in Latin America but it failed badly. More loss in economy drew the peasants especially the poverty stricken people to reap coca leaves. These leaves were formed into a paste and were transported to Columbia for final processing. Drug trafficking in Columbia facilitated employment to thousands of citizens and acquired large amount of profit. Most of the profit remained in United States and Europe. Speedy growth of unofficial economic sector took place in Latin America due to the increase in drug trafficking. Massive trade in illegal narcotics started. Large amount of people are employed to work in this illegal business. Latin America remained a largest producer of narcotics into United States (La Rosa and Mejia, 2006, p. 140). The Action of Law in Drug Trafficking Cases Gradually narcotic trafficker violence became a problem that could not be ignored by the Columbian government. US adopted an anti-drug policy to control this situation. In the year 1986, the President formed a National Security Decision Directive (NSDD) that involved military power to combat against narcotic situation. Huge financial resources were spent to prevent the use of drugs. Drug supply was reduced in the country and became very expensive for consumption. The products were seized from the drug smugglers. U.S Congress started emphasizing on the source of supply of the narcotic drug and addiction problem in the country. Legal codes and law was changed in Columbia. With the help of military force Columbia was successful in capturing drugs. Farmers were incited to cultivate coffee rather than coca leaves. Traffickers became a danger to the country because they caused mortal threats. Public strongly protested against the traffickers. Government took a constructive action against the traffickers (Menzel, 2000, pp. 40-66). Views on Drug Trafficking According to The President’
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Illicit drugs arriving into the United States coming from South America pass a 42 million square-mile area referred to as the Transit Zone, whose size happens to be approximately twice that of the continental United States and comprises of the Caribbean Sea, the eastern Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico.
In reaction to what is believed to be an unmatched global threat in the contemporary period, the U.S. government has, aside from eliminating illegal drug operations within its boundaries, put into effect an aggressive foreign policy against illegal drug activities (Destefano, 2007).
The population of the country is 113,724,226 according to a census in the year 2011. Sixty percent of the population in the country comprises of Spanish people followed by Indians form 30 percent of the total population. The demand for independence was put forward in the year 1810 and the country was officially independent by the year 1824.
Drug abusers now revert to abusing prescription drugs, which they get from doctors through lying, buying them from illegal vendors, or stealing. According to Van Pelt (2012), prescription pain medication is now a public health crisis, with more than 15,000 deaths per year attributed to the problem.
An analysis of the factors would be undertaken to determine why police officers are more susceptible to the commission of drug trafficking crimes.
The history and evolution of the emergence of police force could be traced in the mid-19th
es it consume a lot of money, but also exposes the society to a lot of health risks, thus increasing financial pressure upon the government who is responsible to ensure the provision of adequate healthcare facilities. In this way, drug trafficking plays a dual role in weakening
obal businesses with the claim made by the UN World Drug Report 2007 that “at some $322 billion” (Shah, 2008), illicit drugs trade especially catches the attention of active global criminal networks as the mind-blowing profits made this way outsmart the profits made from
One such negative element is increasing drug trafficking. The paper has discussed the impact of globalization on drug trafficking with respect to a Latin American country, Columbia along with main causes and potential solutions. The findings reveal that with