Autism - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Interventions in the Treatment of Autism Introduction Autism is defined as a developmental disorder which adversely affects verbal and nonverbal communication, causing a detrimental influence on social interaction, on educational performance, and in relating to other people…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96% of users find it useful
Autism
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Autism"

Download file to see previous pages Autism is not one specific condition, but refers to a group of disorders with disparate underlying etiologies (Corbier, 2005). Hence, treatment for autism is multidimensional, including behavioral management, individualized education plan, medical treatment, psychoanalytic therapy, and rehabilitative therapeutic strategies, together with patience, faith and belief. Integrated treatment plans focus on preparing people with autism to live in their home community in the least restrictive environment (Hardman et al, 2007). Thesis Statement: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the current treatments for children with autism, and determine their effectiveness. Behavioral Management as a Treatment Intervention in Autism Behavioral interventions aim to improve specific appropriate behaviors, or to lessen inappropriate behavior (Hardman et al, 2007). This approach is commonly considered to be the most effective in treating autism in children. A research study was conducted by Sallows and Graupner (2005) on twenty-four children with autism, aged between 24 to 42 months at the beginning of the study. They were randomly assigned to early intensive behavioral treatment, and to treatment involving intensive hours but less supervision by equally qualified supervisors. The results were similar for both groups, after four years of multidimensional treatment including cognitive, language, adaptive, social and academic measures. This indicates that supervision by trained staff is not an essential criterion for improved behavioral outcomes, when the same intensive treatment is given to both the study sample and the control group. By combining the two groups, it was found that the results were optimized, and by age seven the children could adapt themselves to mainstream classrooms. However, pretreatment skills played a significant part in determining the success of the interventions, particularly verbal imitation ability, language and social responsiveness. Lovaas (1993) discovered that early identification of the environmental variables that controlled the extent of treatment gains, was essential. Effective treatment for severe behavioral disorders requires early intervention which is conducted throughout the child’s waking hours, while taking all significant behaviors in all the child’s environments into consideration, by all significant persons caring for the child, and for many years. Research on early intensive behavioral treatment for children with autism was conducted by Cohen et al (2006) in the community setting, to replicate earlier studies which had shown favorable results. The three-year prospective outcome study using a quasi-experimental design consisted of the sample group of 21 children which received early intensive behavioral therapy (EIBT) from a community agency, and the other control group of 21 children who of equal age and IQ as compared to the first group, and belonging to special education classes at local public schools. The results showed marked improvement in language, nonverbal skill, and adaptive behavior; hence early intensive behavioral therapy can be successfully undertaken in the community setting. Individualized Education Plan and Educational Interventions “Early intervention and a highly structured education program are currently regarded as the best treatment for chi ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Autism Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/nursing/1425244-autism
(Autism Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/nursing/1425244-autism.
“Autism Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1425244-autism.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Autism

Autism

...? ESSAY/REPORT BY Introduction The uniqueness of autism overshadows all other developmental orders. First, unlike a number of other developmental disorders such as mental retardation, deafness, blindness, and many others, autism does not have any apparent biological reason. Without a concrete evidence, the diagnosis of and prognosis for autism is full with doubt. This vagueness makes it very hard for parents to accept the child’s condition. Second, parents of children with autism are frequently deprived of various essential rewards for parenthood because the disorder is characterized by difficulties with social interaction, such as developing attachments and showing...
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay

Autism

...Name of author: Autism The emotional development of a child is as important as his physical development. Proper care is necessary for children to grow healthier. However, in some cases, even if the parents take immense care, the emotional development of a child can be adversely affected because of the genetic problems. One of the peculiar aspects of autism is the fact that autistic children may exhibit extra ordinary skills in some areas whereas they may show adjustment or adaptation problems in other areas. Both environment and heredity play an important role in the emotional development of a child and heredity seems to be the most important factor among the two. Even though, many psychological...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Autism

... Parents Play an Important Role in Managing Autistic Children Having an autistic child could be a great challenge to most parents, especially if the parent lacks adequate skills in handling the child. The behaviors exhibited by such children could cause the parents to worry and probably fail to provide the appropriate care. But most researchers support the role that parents play in dealing with autistic children as teachers, proponents of appropriate intervention, in the administration of their needs and in research on autism. Even so, there are scholars who have argued on the ethical implication of using children in research and others who argue on therapists as better suited in handling autistic children other than their parents... . From...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Autism

...? Autism al affiliations Introduction Autism is a neurodevelopment disorder which is defined by the impairments in communicationand social growth, being adjunct with stereotyped prototype of interest. Along with insidious developmental abnormality, the specified autism is classified as the pervasive developmental abnormality within the DSM-IV of the APA (American Psychiatric Association). In the clinical practice, the word autism spectrum disorder abbreviated as ASD and it is always used jointly to refer to autism, Asperger syndrome, and PDD-NOS. Communication uniqueness that is the diagnostic of autism is recapitulated, with deliberation of the overlap amid social and communication problem, predominantly for children with autism... ...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Autism

...? Autism Autism Introduction Autism is a general term of complex brain development disorders. Autism is characterized by different degrees and extent: by nonverbal and verbal communication, by difficulty in social interaction, and by repetitive behaviors. The condition includes autistic disorders, pervasive developmental disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, Asperger syndrome, and Rett syndrome. However, after the publication of DSM-5 diagnostic manual, all the autistic conditions are now merged to ASD diagnosis. This condition is associated with the difficulties in motor attention and coordination, intellectual disability, and issues of physical health such as...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Autism

...? Pre-Primary Children with Autism Pre-Primary Children with Autism Introduction It is almost impossible for patients to come to terms with the facts that their childe may have a given condition or disorder. Autism is a disorder that has not been so in Hong Kong publicized and there is minimal information about the condition and causes of its life long crippling impacts. A study conducted in Hong Kong in 2008 reported a prevalence rate of 1.68 per 1000 for children below the age of fifteen years (Wong and Hui, 2008). With the number diagnosed children rising at an astonishing pace, researchers are to get to the bottom of the causes and managing of this disorder. This paper gives a...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Autism

...Autism Whether contracted in the early fetal development stage or inherited, autism is a disorder which affects cognitive brain functions thus impeding a person’s ability to communicate effectively. The disorder distorts not only how people perceive sensory information but how the brain processes it as well. Symptoms of autism are generally noticeable to the trained eye before a child’s third birthday but the disorder usually remains undiagnosed until or after that age. The level of autistic severity varies. Some afflicted persons require constant and extensive assistance in virtually all facets of their lives but others have the ability to perform at a much higher level. Some, with...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Autism

...Autism Autism has always been a challenging disorder. There are difficulties with defining, identifying and diagnosing autism. The definition is an umbrella term to incorporate the many symptoms of autism that overlap with other pervasive developmental disorders. The prevalence of autism has been assessed in various ways in different parts of the world. Reasons for the rise in the prevalence are included. The controversy over the suggested link between immunizations and the occurrence of autism is examined. Autism is a behavioral disorder which has been a challenge to understand, diagnose and treat for many years. There is still no definite answer concerning the cause of autism. It affects the entire family of the child living... with the...
17 Pages(4250 words)Research Paper

Autism

...Autism Angelica Pierce PSY 5410 David Horner November 20, of the Rockies Autism is one of the serious genetic diseases which create problems in social interactions, language learning and behaviours etc. More than 90% of the causes of autism are related to genetics or heredity. Even though, medical science has advanced a lot, so far no effective medicines or treatment options were developed to tackle autism. Autistic patients may exhibit extra ordinary skills in some areas of learning whereas they may lack skills in other areas. Even though, many genetic factors are suspected as the major causes of autism, some neurotransmitters, synapses and...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

Autism

...Autism Interview Part Autism is a developmental disability based on neurology, which affects the victim’s communication, decision making and socialization skills seriously. This part of the paper is an overview of the interview questions directed to two autism patients named James and Joyce. James is 26 years old and lives with his parents while Joyce is 22 years old and studies in a special school for people with disabilities. The two were chosen because they were willing to share their experiences in public. Q: How old were you when you were diagnosed with autism? Joyce: I found out that I had autism when I was 3 years old. Back then, most people did...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Autism for FREE!

Contact Us