Statistics reveal an increase in child abuse and neglect cases every year. A recent research in 2009 indicated that more than 2.9 million cases of abuse cases were reported to the police and child support lines. It…
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The unseen types of child abuse are more destructive and make lifetime scars on the victims. This paper is a discussion on cases of child abuse, child negligence, and its effects on juvenile delinquency. The risk factors for child abuse and neglect are families with domestic violence, untreated mental illness cases, alcohol and drug abuse, and lack of parenting skills.
Federal law on child abuse and prevention Act (CAPTA) defines child abuse and neglect as, “Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, severe physical or emotional harm, or sexual abuse” (Child welfare web). Some myths depict that, for an action to amount to a child abuse, it must be cruel and only done by dishonest persons to the child. This is not always the case since other types of injury are invisible and do not include any violence. Additionally, some parents find themselves caught up with acts of violence due to mental and personal problems. Another myth is that child abuse does not occur in respectable families. The truth is that child abuse happens across all tribes, cultures, and economic status including reasonable, bad, and poor neighbourhoods. The following is some forms of child abuse.
The first and serious category of child abuse is neglect. Statistics show that of all the child abuse cases reported every year, over 60 % of these cases are of minor neglect. Child negligence is a failure of the parent or a caregiver to bear a child’s basic needs. They may take the form of physical needs like food and shelter, medical needs, educational needs, and emotional needs. Additionally, child negligence result when a child is left alone to suffer from pain and damage from the harsh conditions of the surroundings without any communication from the parents. In such a case, the caregiver’s name and their whereabouts remain unknown. Negligence as a form of child abuse can also be
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In addition, they deal with stigma, harassment threat and violence due to their sexual orientation. Shocking statistics show that 31% of gay youth have faced threat and have been injured in the last one year (Bureau of Justice Statistics Datasets, 2012). As the number of LGBT community increases every day, the society needs to be enlightened on their rights.
The current changes in the policy of sentencing, jurisdiction, and procedure reveal disagreements about the importance of the juvenile justice system. Majority of juvenile justice theorists and policymakers understand the purposeful union of juvenile courts with the adult criminal justice system but oppose the possibility of removing the juvenile courts and sentencing all kinds of criminals in criminal court.
As the paper stresses the social definition on the other hand is to a great extent less specific. It includes level of seriousness variables of the offense, the act rate of recurrence, and the juvenile attitude. Sociologists relate particular childhood behaviour with the family, peers, home, neighborhood, and various additional variables.
The paper contends that juveniles should be tried as adults when committing major felony crimes within a system of legal protocols and governing standards. The rate at which juveniles commit major felony crimes and the violence involved in these crimes place these offenses in a distinct category from other delinquent acts.
e protected by the law, which should specify the minimum required treatment for children, and offer incentives for fair treatment of children by the community. This report discusses the enforceability, effectiveness and shortcomings of some child protection Acts and gives
Overall, there is widespread agreement that behavior, inclusive of antisocial and delinquent behavior, represents an intricate interplay of individual, biological, and genetic factors, as well as environmental factors. Most
This research answers the following research questions: Does parenting and socioeconomic status affect recidivism rates among juveniles? What are the prevalence, causes, and kinds of crimes of recidivating youth? What are the treatment programs, including court decisions, for recidivating youth and how do they affect juvenile recidivism?
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
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