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A second part of the paper shall discuss two cases from a biopsychologist’s viewpoint including a discussion of the problem in relation to the nature-nurture issue. This case study shall consider any helpful drug interventions or solutions to the cases, as well as any positive or negative aspects of the drug interventions of solutions. This paper is being conducted in order to ensure a thorough and comprehensive understanding of psychological disorders and the role of health professionals in modifying its impact on patients.
Schizophrenia is a chronic and debilitating disease which affects both men and women equally. The term is of Greek origin which basically translates to “split mind” (Coconcea, 2005). Based on that translation, schizophrenia does not also refer to “split personality” or multiple personality disorder, but refers to another disease exhibiting other symptoms in the patient. From a physiological standpoint, the areas of the brain affected by schizophrenia are theorized by different clinicians and experts on the subject matter. Basically, however, according to the dopamine hypothesis, the neurotransmitter dopamine appears as an overactive neurotransmitter for those with schizophrenia (Campbell, 2010). This over-activity seems to produce motor and cognitive problems in the patient which often manifests as audio and visual hallucinations. In terms of structure as seen in MRI images, the brains of schizophrenics (particularly, the frontal lobe) show reduced gray matter and decreased brain volume (Campbell, 2010). The ventricles and the basal nuclei are also affected since these appear larger for schizophrenics; the hippocampus and amygdala are also different as they appear smaller for these patients (Campbell, 2010).
In a theory set forth by Pierce Howard, he explains that the brain normally goes through the process of “synaptic pruning” from
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The main function of these hormones is to control the metabolic rate of the body. The production and secretion of these hormones from thyroid gland are regulated by another hormone thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) which is released from the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland.
Then two cases are examined: the first, a male with generalized anxiety disorder, the second, a female struggling with anorexia. Both cases are considered from the viewpoint of biopsychology and include treatment based on biopsychology’s model of nature/nurture and how they interact.
Understanding of this area of study known as biopsychology is important in understanding the biological basis of psychological disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease and drug-induced psychoses, ultimately resulting in application to treat these diseases.
Many psychological diseases can be classified as syndromes, consistent groups of symptoms that do not always have a single cause. Physical causes include major brain trauma, accidental head injury, and drug use, such as alcohol and narcotics. In addition, certain kinds of toxic substances, such as heavy metals, can induce psychological disorders.
l equivalent of common fear, is shown by mood disorders, as well as of physiological, behavioral, and psychological activity (Stein & Hollander, 2002). This essay will discuss the types and treatments of anxiety disorders.
The anxiety disorders consist of post-traumatic stress
Some of the most effective and widely used therapies include psychoanalytic therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, psychodynamic therapy, Gestalt therapy, and group therapy. Most of these therapies focus on unconscious relationship patterns,
As the discussion highlights biological psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with the relationship between behavior and the body especially majoring on the brain. Biological psychologist wants to find out what takes place in the brain when there is a behavior change. Biological psychology grew out of philosophy and physiology.
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