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The Puritans believed in the rejection of traditional clerical dress, church liturgy and Episcopal hierarchy. They also believed that everybody can be accepted in priesthood. Hence, Church designations such as priests, deacons and archbishops were replaced by pastors and elders who were elected by the Puritan Congregation. Because of a completely different set of beliefs and traditions, the Anglican Church, which was already restored by Queen Elizabeth I’s reign, charged the Puritans as Separatists to the English state religion. It is said that at the beginning of the clash between the Puritans and the Anglicans in England, the Separatists began to flee to Calvinist Holland where Puritanism was well accepted (Streich).
After the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, the line of the Stuart kings staged their roles in the English throne. James I, who was responsible for the creation of the King James Bible, sparked the outright uprisings of the Puritan community in England. Because of the stronghold of the Anglican Church within the Stuart monarchy, the king naturally favored the Anglicans over the Puritans who had started to emerge in the English Parliament. What marked the Puritans’ outrage at the Anglicans and at King James I was when the monarch convened a meeting at Hampton Court in 1604. This meeting was a conglomeration of bishops and Puritans where the latter petitioned their grievances to the new king. The Hampton Court Conference ended up as a mishap for the Puritans- it resulted to the dismissal of all Puritan proposals. Because of such outcome, the Puritans began to loose hope for their voice to be heard by the new king. Also, as King James I’s reign unfolded, the imminent persecution of the Puritans was already felt within the English soil (Streich).
At the death of King James I and the ascension of King Charles I, the repressions against the Puritans have already bloomed. As a general
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U.S. History from discovery to 1877
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