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One of his biggest accomplishment as was the classification of knowledge into disciplines such as mathematics, biology and ethics (Iep).
Aristotle is considered the father of the field of logic. He was the first person to develop a formalized system of reasoning. Based on Aristotle’s philosophy the validity of any argument can be determined by its structured rather than by its content. The scientific method was used by Aristotle in his reasoning arguments. Aristotle founded a school in Greece called Lyceum. He taught in this school for thirteen years where he developed his philosophical treatises. During his discourses Aristotle would always walk around. His followers imitated his walking around and as a consequence they became known as peripatetics which meant “to walk about” (Iep).
The writings of Aristotle were held by his student Theophrastus. Eventually the writings were given to Theophrastus protégé Neleus. Neleus protected the books from being stolen by keeping them locked in a vault. The dampness and moths of the vault damaged some of the books. The books were in hiding for over a century. Then in 100 B.C. they were discovered by
Apellicon who brought them to Athens. A few decades later the books reach Rome. It was in Rome that Aristotle literature caught the attention of scholars. The Aristotle writings studied in Rome are the same literature today’s academic community is studying. The works of Aristotle is classified into three categories: dialogues and works of popular character, collections of fact and material from scientific treatment, and systematic works (Iep, 2005). One of Aristotle most famous writings is One the Polity of the Athens. The systematic treaties of Aristotle were group into five divisions which are logic, physical works, psychological works, works on human history, and philosophical works (Iep).
The aim of Aristotle logical treatises was to develop a universal of reasoning by it which it could be
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This paper also sheds light on the impact of their works on evolution of psychology. 1. Isaac Newton and Development of Psychology Sir Isaac Newton is regarded as an eminent physicist whose remarkable work has played an important role in psychology. Laws of motion which are based on observation of common phenomenon helped in development of Commonsense Psychology.
This is part of his wider discourse on what is morally virtuous, wherein he famously explained how a person’s moral quality is characterized by how he responds to pleasure and pain. This is crucial for Aristotelian readers because this effectively enables them to discriminate characters better simply by examining his or her choices instead of the actions.
The author states that aristotle believed that soul is realizing one’s own natural body in its entirety. This means that all our psychological states are connected closely as well as the psychological processes that follow. Soul and body are therefore one and the same life wax and an impression formed on it.
He believes that passion is an innate feeling and reason has no real connection with it. Hume considers that passion is a moralistic feeling and has no bond with reasoning. He argues that passion as a strong human feeling arises out of lustful nature in person.
Aristotle was a brilliant student of Plato though he opposed some of the ideas of Plato later in his teachings. After the death of Plato, he left Athens and spent time travelling and learning new areas of science and thoughts. When he returned to Macedonia in 338, he became the tutor of Alexander the great.
Purpose of Government according to Philosophers. The purpose for which governments should exist has been a preoccupation of philosophers from the classical period to the modern societies. While Plato and Aristotle represent classical philosophers, Hobbes and Locke are a part of what is seen as modern philosophers.
Aristotle believed that these were comparable in the sense, that these were arrangements of convenience, wherein additions or subtractions in the notions could be contrived at a theoretical convenience, just so that a link could be established amongst the theoretical construct originally proposed by them.
In addition, the paper compares Aristotle’s analysis with the contemporary interpretation of courage by diverse individuals. Moreover, the paper includes a personal interpretation of the view of Aristotle on the matter of courage. Finally,
sanction from the inner world of an individual, and finally it helps to maintain the balanced mental attitude whether the outcome is adverse or favorable. A friend does anything and everything for his friend. According to Aristotle, friendship is the finest and significant
He believed that politics and ethics are closely related that the virtuous and ethical life is only available to people who take part in politics and that the main purpose of political community is moral
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