Prisons are highly institutions that since their inception have been coined to represent a punishment arena. With this in the mind of all the stakeholders involved, they are not places where sanctity and…
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Their situation is made worse by the fact that they are placed in confined environments in their hundreds while the manpower to watch over them is hugely outnumbered. Within the inmate population there is therefore high prevalence of violence incidences. Inmates also experience violence from the guards and vice versa. Prison violence therefore is not a surprising phenomenon not only in the United States but also in the rest of the world. This paper shall therefore elaborate on the different types of prison violence, reasons for this violence and the various solutions to solving prison violence menace.
Byrne et al. (2008) state that prison violence comes in various forms namely violence of a prisoner towards another prisoner, prisoner violence on officers and officers violating prisoners. Prisoners in the United States have for a long time developed a gang rule culture which is attributed to be the biggest cause of prisoner violence on a fellow prisoner. Gangs have been seen have a form of territorial control in prisons where members of gangs have better access to facilities and inherent protection rights from gang members. These gangs recruit people to join them where there are rituals while joining which are not necessarily as rosy considering the privileges that accompany their membership in the harsh prison environment. Incidences of sexual harassment and rape have been reported as quite common during recruitment (Jones and Pratt, 2008). It also important to note that in a single prison there can be a number of gangs which obviously compete for the available privileges and resources, for example the cells to occupy and the kind of chores to engage in. This competition breeds violent acts towards members of other gang members. This escalates the prevalence of prisoner to prisoner violence. In cases of extreme violent conducts prisoners even murder
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Jail is a correctional facility where individuals are housed for short period of time, ranging from few hours to few months, as these individuals are booked under less serious crimes (Wallenstein & Kerle, 2008, p.20). People who commit less serious crimes like domestic violence, substance abuse, DUI etc., are housed in jail (Wallenstein & Kerle, 2008, p.20).
Although America’s correctional system provides a number of considerable benefits to the society, there also exist some key issues, which need to be dealt in order to make the system more effective and beneficial for the society. Overcrowding Overcrowding is one of those issues, which is affecting the overall performance of the American correctional system.
Over the years, safety measures in prison have been depleting which has made it easier to prey on weak prisoners. The act is mostly a combination of security agents staffing the prison and some few prisoners. Additionally, prison violence may be also a weapon by powerful individuals to eliminate specific individuals.
Prisons can be privatized to solve this problem of insolvency that is the dilemma of federal owned associations. Some of the legislators oppose the idea of private prisons as they believe that they cost almost the same as federal prisons. However, the trend towards private prisons is rapidly increasing by every passing day.
While few would argue with that contention, others do contend that the primary purpose of the prison should be rehabilitate offenders and get them ready to be positive contributors and law-abiding citizens in society upon their release. Naturally, there are some prisoners who will never be released back into society, but for the millions of others, many in society would like to see them get prepared for a second chance.
Recidivism, which refers to the re-offending or repeat of antisocial, aggressive, violence, or criminal behavior, is a key problem in the society which not only affects families, communities, but also public safety. The high rates of recidivism in the society demonstrate the challenges encountered in transition from prison life back to the society.
Moreover, these weaknesses may be evident due to prison design concerns and loopholes in control of prison physical security. Therefore, this document encompasses a study that explicates on the prison architectural designs and the various legislations and