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Nutrients present in the soil, are destroyed by the acidity. Useful micro organisms which release nutrients from decaying organic matter, into the soil are killed off, resulting in less nutrients being available for the plants. The acid rain, falling on the plants damages the waxy layer on the leaves and makes the plant vulnerable to diseases.
Acid rain erodes limestone and carbonate stones which are used as building materials upon acid deposition. Though stainless steel and aluminum are more resistant to acid rain, other materials such as carbon-steel, nickel, zinc, copper, paint, and some plastics, paper, leather, and textiles are vulnerable to corrosion by acid rain.
b.1. Clean Air Act amendments required that power plants make significant cuts in sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides emissions (by installing "scrubbers" in their smokestacks and switching to low-sulfur coal.)
b.2 Through the market-based allowance trading system, utilities regulated under the Acid Rain Program decide the most cost-effective way to use available resources to comply with the requirements of the Clean Air Act. Utilities can reduce emissions by employing energy conservation measures, increasing reliance on renewable energy, reducing usage, employing pollution control technologies, switching to lower sulfur fuel, or developing other alternate strategies.
Dobson unit (DU) - One Dobson unit represents the amount of atmospheric ozone that would form a uniform layer 0.01 millimeter (10 micrometers) thick at standard temperature (0 °C) and pressure (1 atmosphere or 1013.25 millibars).
Because they do not contain chlorine or bromine, HFCs do not deplete the ozone layer (ODP = 0). Some HFCs have high GWPs and are revealed as extremely powerful greenhouse gases which could account for up to 19% of global warming by 2050.
It either percolates into the ground and in turn contaminates the groundwater or is discharged into the natural drainage system causing pollution in
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It incorporates endurance while maintaining well being in the different concepts in the ecology which are environmental, economic, and social and resource use. In ecology sustainability aims at making biological systems diverse and productive to human beings.
According to the U.S Environmental protection Agency, stewardship in environment is manifested by “a commitment to efficient usage of natural resources, protection of ecosystem and where relevant, ensuring a baseline of the acceptable standards with environmental required activities.
These developments have not only enabled the establishment of notions which are associated with sustainable design but have also played a critical role in the creation of sustainable cities by guiding advanced and innovative directions in urban development frameworks which are currently being implemented in various nations across the globe.
e to exist in prolific harmony, which authorizes fulfilling the communal, economic and supplementary requirements of current and potential generations. Sustainability is vital to making certain that individuals possess and will carry on having, the water, resources, and
However, there is no commonly accepted mechanism for managing natural resources in a better way and thereby promoting long term sustainability of the environment. Throughout the article, the authors try to
This article features the work of three authors writing on the issue of environmental studies for the Rangeland Journal. The first author, Cameron Muir, is a lecturer at Fenner School of Environment and Society in Australian National University. Deborah Rose works for the Center for research on Social Inclusion at the Australian Macquarie University
In the business, it meant practicing green in its operations such as recycling, avoidance of the use of plastic and for the business to leave little carbon footprint. This ensures that business operation does not harm
While sustainability is associated with the balance of the processes in the environment, there is a great need in understanding why it became so important today and what society can do to support sustainability. It is also essential to find out how it will affect businesses as
A sustainable environment works towards promotion of the economic stability. The concept of sustainable environment incorporates the financial, social, ethical, political, and legal issues that can be both external and internal to an organization. The rapid growth without
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