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Eventually these two city-states became two power centers of Greece and indulged into a battle of supremacy against each other. This war between Athens and Sparta was known as the Peloponnesian war. The importance of the present study lies in the fact that as one of the ancient modern civilizations; studying the history of Greece has always been a privilege. Furthermore the Peloponnesian war was one of the very first kinds of civil war that led to massive alterations in nature of politics in Greece. The Peloponnesian war eventually led to the alteration of leadership of Greece, replacing Athens with Sparta as the most powerful Greek city-state.
The background of the Peloponnesian war was a culmination of events that hovered around jealousy, insecurity and hunger for power. During the Greco-Persian war Athens and Sparta fought side by side. In the initial stages of the war role of Sparta was much more prominent (480 BC to 479 BC) than that of Athens and Sparta became the leader of the Hellenic League. (Fine, 332) Sparta was mainly a land-based power depending on its infantry for military success. (Thucydides, Hammond and Rhodes; IX) It was never that powerful in terms of naval power. While powerful Spartan infantry was more than sufficient to lead the Hellenic League against Persians on land and to drive them away from Greek soil, it was impossible for them to maintain the success in Persian territories of Asia and Aegean. A naval leadership soon became inevitable for such campaign against Persia in Asia and Aegean and in such circumstances Athens that was primarily a naval power came in the forefront (478 BC). This event marked the initiation of rise of Athens as the prime Greek city-state ahead of Sparta. Again according to some scholars the Hellenic League at this point was subdivided in two parts. The Naval wing of Hellenic League became Delian League and it was headed by Athens. The land wing of Hellenic League went under Sparta and became known
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Besides, the Persian wars ignited hatred and jealousy among the Spartans and eventually led to the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) and the decline of Athens as the strongest city state among the Greek city states. Thesis statement: The Persian Wars united the Greek city-states, but eventually led to the Peloponnesian War and the decline of Athens and the Greek city-states in general.
With this, it will study the account of Thucydides as participant and recorder of the Peloponnesian War. It will then compare the Peloponnesian narrative with the epic events of the Trojan War in Homer’s Iliad. Lastly, it will show the parallels of the developments in the Peloponnesian War with the Lysistrata and its author’s arguments of the female intervention in warfare with concern to the Iliad’s claim of man’s monopoly in war.
wever as the threat of foreign conquest dissipate, these city-states turn to each other and continue their pervious struggles over fertile lands and respective boarders -------- (Blanco).
The people inhabiting Greece were basically little groups with vastly unequal distribution
Athens wanted to assume full control of trade with the southern side of Italy and Sicily. They retaliated and eventually Corinth helped Potidaea in revolted against Athens. This led to them turning to Sparta who was their ally for help. Athens and Sparta formed two major and
, Athens chose their general Pericles to deliver this eulogy for their departed Athenian soldiers who sacrificed themselves at an opening battle of the Peloponnesian War (Brians par.1). His speech reflected dispute on the tradition of praising the dead so instead he praised
This imperialism was not forced on Peloponnese but it was chosen by them when they asked the Athenians to lead Greece’s combined armies. Therefore, this was by choice not force. Furthermore, by Peloponnese accepting Athenian imperialism, they had been bound
In terms of councils, both were meant to administer decisions for the assembly. Contrastingly, while the Athenian council consisted of five hundred individuals above 30 years, the Spartan government only required 28 members. The
One of the major reasons why I feel that Thucydides was justified in his arguments that Peloponnesian Wars were the most important is that it resulted in the defeat of Athens thereby leading to the end of the golden age of the classical Greece. For
Athens pressured its allies and neutral cities and finally the Sparta were unhappy about the increased power Athens had (Thucydides 1). The Melian dialogue was a debate by Thucydides, a historian who served in Athens
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